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US Approves German Procurement of Israeli Arrow 3 Hypersonic Anti-ballistic Missile System

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US Approves German Procurement of Israeli Arrow 3 Hypersonic Anti-ballistic Missile System

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Two Arrow 3 interceptors are launched during a test of the missile defense system on January 18, 2022.
Two Arrow 3 interceptors are launched during a test of the missile defense system on January 18, 2022.

The €3 billion deal for the Israeli anti-missile system looks set to go ahead after German Chancellor Olaf Scholz met with US President Joe Biden last Friday. The Israeli financial news outlet Globes reported that German Chancellor Olaf Scholz was given approval in principle by US President Joe Biden last Friday to buy Arrow 3 anti-ballistic missile system during his visit to Washington. Germany has been waiting several months for a US decision on the procurement of the Arrow 3 system from Israel, which would be partially financed by the Americans. Germany had already made the decision to buy Israel’s Arrow 3 anti-ballistic missile system as part of its new defense strategy following the war between Russia and Ukraine, and the need for protection from Russia’s ballistic missiles.

Germany’s plan for missile protection is called Sky Shield, of which procurement of the Arrow 3 is only a part. The aim is to handle threats ranging from rockets to hypersonic missiles, such as those operated by Russia. The cost of the plan will be enormous. The Arrow 3 will be deployed alongside its existing US terminal high altitude area defense system (THAAD) with capabilities to protect against ballistic missiles, including missiles with unconventional payloads. German plans that were published last year will now move ahead for the procurement of Green Pine missile defense radar systems and several interceptor stations that will provide protection for large parts of Central Europe. The system could be operational by 2025, but it could be later due to delays in receiving US approval.

Israel Successfully Tests Arrow 3 Anti-ballistic Missile System
Israel Successfully Tests Arrow 3 Anti-ballistic Missile System

The Arrow 3 or Hetz 3 is an exoatmospheric hypersonic anti-ballistic missile, jointly funded, developed and produced by Israel and the United States. Undertaken by Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) and Boeing, it is overseen by the Israeli Ministry of Defense’s “Homa” (Rampart) administration and the U.S. Missile Defense Agency. The new component will also require the integration of longer range detection, tracking and discrimination capability, beyond what the “Green Pine” and “Super Green Pine” radars employed with the Arrow 2 are providing. Among the advanced sensors considered for Israel’s future multi-tier system, are airborne electro-optical sensors deployed on high flying unmanned aerial vehicles and future enhanced “Green Pine” radars.

the Arrow 3 patented exoatmospheric interception method includes a two-stage interceptor, like the Arrow 2, but purely based on hit-to-kill technology. It provides exo-atmospheric interception of ballistic missiles, including intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs) carrying nuclear, chemical, biological or conventional warheads. With divert motor capability, its kill vehicle can switch directions dramatically, allowing it to pivot to see approaching satellites. An Arrow 3 battery is expected to intercept salvos of more than five ballistic missiles within 30 seconds. Arrow 3 may serve as an anti-satellite weapon, which would make Israel one of the world’s few countries capable of shooting down satellites. The missile’s reported flight range is up to 2,400 km (1,500 mi).

Israel Successfully Tests Arrow 3 Anti-ballistic Missile System
Arrow 3 Anti-ballistic Missile System

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