Category Archives: Ground Warfare

M1 Abrams and M2A3 Bradley Combined Arms live fire exercise

M1 Abrams and M2A3 Bradley Combined Arms live fire exercise

C Company, 3rd Battalion, 116th Cavalry Regiment, 116th Cavalry Brigade Combat Team conducts livefire at the National Training Center (NTC) June 14, 2019, at Ft. Irwin, Calif. Female tank platoon leader communicates with her teams over the radio as the M1A2 Abrams Main Battle Tanks and M2A3 Bradley Fighting Vehicle fire on enemy targets. The 116th Cavalry Brigade Combat Team is training at NTC May 24 – June 20 to prepare for its wartime mission. The rotation builds unit and Soldier proficiency to provide combatant commanders with a trained and ready force capable of fighting and winning our nation’s wars.

M1 Abrams and M2A3 Bradley Combined Arms live fire exercise

M1 Abrams and M2A3 Bradley Combined Arms live fire exercise


Fort Irwin National Training Center is a major training area for the United States military and is a census-designated place located in the Mojave Desert in northern San Bernardino County, California. Fort Irwin is at an average elevation of 2,454 feet (748 m). It is located 37 miles (60 km) northeast of Barstow, in the Calico Mountains. Fort Irwin works within the R-2508 Special Use Airspace Complex. The National Training Center is part of the US Army Forces Command (FORSCOM). The opposing force at the National Training Center (NTC) is the 11th Armored Cavalry Regiment, the Blackhorse Cavalry, who are stationed at the base to provide an opposing force to units on a training rotation at Fort Irwin. In September 2017, a state-of-the-art hospital was opened that provides healthcare services to the Fort Irwin beneficiaries.
Video by Spc. Hannah Hawkins, 115th Mobile Public Affairs Detachment

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Singapore Armed Forces Hunter Armoured Fighting Vehicle (AFV)

Singapore Armed Forces Hunter AFV

The Singapore Armed Forces (SAF) new locally-developed tracked Armoured Fighting Vehicle (AFV) called the “Hunter” was commissioned by Defence Minister Ng Eng Hen on June 11 during the Singapore Army armour formation’s 50th anniversary parade on 11 June. The 29.5 tonne Armoured Fighting Vehicle will replace the Singapore Army’s upgraded but ageing M113A2 Ultra armoured personnel carriers (APCs) which entered service from the 1970s and will operate alongside the in-service Bionix II infantry fighting vehicles (IFVs).

 Singapore Armed Forces Hunter Armoured Fighting Vehicle (AFV)

Singapore Armed Forces Hunter Armoured Fighting Vehicle (AFV)


A first prototype of Hunter AFV earlier known as the Next-Generation Armoured Fighting Vehicle (NGAFV) prior to its commissioning was delivered to the Singapore Armed Forces (SAF) in July 2016. The development of the new NGAFV (Next Generation Armoured Fighting Vehicle) is a result of a close cooperation between the SAF, DSTA (Defense Science and Technology Agency), and ST Kinetics of Singapore as the manufacturer of the NGAFV. The first locally developed armoured fighting vehicle, the Bionix infantry fighting vehicles, was rolled out in 1999.
 Singapore Armed Forces Hunter Armoured Fighting Vehicle (AFV)

Singapore Armed Forces Hunter Armoured Fighting Vehicle (AFV)


The Hunter is armed with a 30mm cannon, a 7.62mm machine gun, eight 76mm smoke grenade launchers, and two anti-tank guided missiles – the first time the missiles have been integrated into an armoured fighting vehicle. A digital steering system, called drive-by-wire, allows the vehicle commander to take over the driving function if needed. Its weapons can be controlled via a touchscreen interface. The baseline is 6.9 m long, 3.4 m wide, and has an overall height of 3.4 m.
 Singapore Armed Forces Hunter Armoured Fighting Vehicle (AFV)

Singapore Armed Forces Hunter Armoured Fighting Vehicle (AFV)


It is operated by a crew of three comprising a driver seated on the front left, while the gunner and vehicle commander are seated side-by-side immediately behind the powerpack. Up to eight fully equipped dismounts can be transported in the rear troop compartment. The Hunter crew can mobilise unmanned aerial and ground vehicles to gather reconnaissance and surveillance information remotely, with obvious advantages for stealth manoeuvres and its own protection.

Czech Army SVOS Perun Light Strike Vehicle

Czech Army SVOS Perun Light Strike Vehicle

The SVOS Perun Light Strike Vehicle is a tactical armored vehicle fully designed and developed by Czech Company SVOS spol. s r.o The tactical armored vehicle was developed to address the specific requirements of the Czech Army’s elite 601st Special Forces Group based in Prostejov. The project of the Perun was started six years ago and at IDET 2017. The Perun was fully designed and developed by the Czech Company SVOS to offer a new 4×4 light tactical vehicle which can be configured to perform a wide range of missions. Its Perun is a deliberate push to capture a market that, in terms of scale, remains vast and underserved.

Czech Army SVOS Perun Light Strike Vehicle

Czech Army SVOS Perun Light Strike Vehicle


The powerpack comprises a 6Y 106 TD21 six-cylinder turbocharged diesel engine with an output of 240 kW at 2,200 rpm, producing a maximum torque of 1,300 Nm at the 1,200-1,600 rpm range, which is coupled to a 6 HP 602 S+ six-speed automatic gearbox and enables the vehicle to reach a maximum road speed of 110 km/h and range of 700 km. The company claims that it can accelerate to 80 km/h within 30 seconds. The standard chassis has a steerable front axle, but a version with steerable front and rear axles for improved manoeuvrability is also available. The vehicle will be equipped with 395/85 R20 run-flat tires and features a central tire inflation system.
Czech Army SVOS Perun Light Strike Vehicle

Czech Army SVOS Perun Light Strike Vehicle


The vehicle has a length of 6.03 m, a width of 2.3 m, and a height of 2.6 m – with a 3.8 m wheelbase and 1.97 m track width – excluding the spare wheel and roof accessories. The Perun is air transportable via the C-130 Hercules medium airlifter. Ground clearance can be adjusted from 315 to 415 mm within 90 seconds even when the vehicle is travelling. The vehicle can negotiate a 22° side slope and can cross a 0.85 m wide trench, and is also able to overcome obstacles up to 0.55 m in height. It can also ford waters up to 1.2 m deep without preparation, although this can be increased to 1.5 m if a raised engine air intake is installed.
Czech Army SVOS Perun Light Strike Vehicle

Czech Army SVOS Perun Light Strike Vehicle


The latest version of the Perun was tailored according to the new requirements of the Czech Army Special Forces, the latest version of the Perun Special Forces showed at IDET 2019 has a new armor to increase protection against ballistic and mine threats. The PERUN can carry a total of 6 special forces, with driver and commander at the front, three people in the middle and there is one more seat at the rear. The body of the vehicle is removable, composed of steel sheets which can be reinforced with removable ballistic and mine blast protection at a desired STANAG 4569 level. The vehicle can be armed with 12.7 mm machine gun or a grenade launcher in a circular ring mounted on the top of the superstructure, and with up to four 7.62 mm machine guns mounted at the front, on each side and at the rear.

Zastava NTV 40.13 Infantry Mobility Vehicle

Zastava NTV 40.13 Infantry Mobility Vehicle

The Zastava NTV (Novo Terensko Vozilo, New Terrain Vehicle) is a Serbian 4×4, multipurpose, all-terrain infantry mobility vehicle designed by Military Technical Institute Belgrade (MTI) ) and Zastava Kamioni (Zastava Trucs) and manufactured by Zastava TERVO Kragujevac plant. It is designed with modular chassis to transport troops and various equipment quickly on road and off-road. It is designed for performance in mountain, valley, forest, snow, moisture, cold and heat environments, the Zastava NTV is capable of operating at different ambient temperatures ranging from −25–40 °C (−13–104 °F). The Zastava NTV was unveiled in 2011 and the extended cab variant was exhibited during the Partner 2015 International Fair of Armaments and Defence Equipment held in Belgrade, Serbia, in June 2015. Primarily users are Serbian Army and Gendarmery (Serbia) with many potential for export.

Zastava NTV 40.13 Infantry Mobility Vehicle

Zastava NTV 40.13 Infantry Mobility Vehicle


The all-terrain infantry mobility vehicle is based on 4×4 chassis of IVECO Daily commercial van. It was unveiled in 2011 and is available in three configurations, namely 40.13H SUV, 40.13H Extended Cab, and 40.13H Van. Thanks to its modular design it could be equipped as ambulance, workshop, command and control, military communications, military police, transport, reconnaissance, ground and air radar, sound surveillance and armed version. It can tow trailers or light artillery pieces. Front suspension is provided by semi-elliptical leaf springs, while rear suspension is provided by additional rubber springs. The front and rear hydraulic telescopic double-action shock absorbers enhance the ride comfort. The Michelin XZL 255/100 R16 radial tubeless tires provide improved traction on all terrain conditions. The vehicle can be optionally fitted with run-flat tires.
Zastava NTV 40.13 Infantry Mobility Vehicle

Zastava NTV 40.13 Infantry Mobility Vehicle


The Zatava NTV is powered by a four-stroke, four-cylinder, water-cooled, 214kg Cummins ISF 2.8-liter turbocharged diesel engine equipped with an intake air cooler developing 130 hp. The propulsion system is longitudinally mounted in the front of the cabin. It develops an output power between 80kW and 120kW and a torque between 280nm and 360nm. This military vehicle can be also equipped with other types of engines depending on customer requirements. Engine is couples with ZF 5S400 mechanical gearbox with 5 forward and 1 reverse gears. The engine is compliant with Euro 3 / Euro 4 emission standard and is coupled with manual transmission system, consisting of a single-plate friction clutch and a ZF 5S 400 synchronous mechanical gearbox with five forward gears and one reverse gear.

Royal Danish Army Piranha 5 Advanced Automated Autonomous Mortar System

Royal Danish Army Piranha 5 Advanced Automated Autonomous Mortar System

The Royal Danish Army selected the ESLAIT A3MS (Advanced Automated Autonomous Mortar System) for installation on its Piranha 5 8×8 armour personal carriers manufactured by General Dynamics European Land Systems – Mowag (GDELS-Mowag). Denmark’s Defence Acquisition and Logistics Organization (DALO) signed a USD15.3 million contract with Austrian company ESL Advanced Information Technology (ESLAIT) on 2017 for the delivery of 15 automatic floormounted 120 mm heavy mortar systems (with an option for an additional six systems at the contract price). The contract, which was announced on 22 May, includes a 30-year sustainment agreement. New 120 mm ammunition is expected to be procured, with Phase 1 including a new HE, HE fragmentation, smoke, and illuminating (white and infra-red) rounds. In the longer-term, three new precision, near-precision, and anti-armour rounds are also expected to be procured. The Royal Danish Army plans to deploy three platoons each of four 120 mm SP mortar systems, and one per bataillon will also have a Piranha 5 8×8 command post and two 8×8 ammunition supply vehicles.

Royal Danish Army Piranha 5 Advanced Automated Autonomous Mortar System

Royal Danish Army Piranha 5 Advanced Automated Autonomous Mortar System


The A3MS system comprises a 120 mm CARDOM 10 smoothbore mortar from Israel’s Elbit Systems fitted with recoil absorbers. The contract also includes the delivery of fire control and battle management systems, fire coordination modules, ammunition racks, initial stocks of spare parts, and the necessary technical support to integrate the weapon system onto the Piranha 5 mortar carrier variant. The A3MS system can traverse a full 360 degrees, while elevation can be adjusted from 45-84 degrees. Like the Danish Army CAESAR, the Cardom 10 will be linked to the Danish Army’s Thor FCS, with information coming from the forward observer to the battailon joint fire cell (JFC) module and then onto the actual weapon. In the case of CAESAR, it will also link with the brigade JFC. The Cardom 10 has an Interface between the Thor gun module and the Cardom FCS mounted on the left side of the weapon, and target Information can also flow from the forward observer direct to the firing platform. The digitised FCS of both platforms is compatible with NATO Artillery Systems Cooperation Activities (ASCA), which includes artillery and multiple rocket launchers.
Royal Danish Army Piranha 5 Advanced Automated Autonomous Mortar System

Royal Danish Army Piranha 5 Advanced Automated Autonomous Mortar System


The Piranha 5 8×8 8×8 armour personal carriers has a raised roof line to the rear of the driver’s and commander’s position on the left side, with the 120 mm mortar firing through two roof hatches that are opened left and right prior to engaging a target. The Cardom 10 120 mm smoothbore mortar is installed on a turntable mount to allow for rapid traverse through a full 6,400 mils onto the target. When travelling, the barrel is lowered to make the platform more difficult to detect. Mounted under the 120 mm smooth bore mortar is a Danish Weibul muzzle velocity radar that feeds Information to the FCS. The latest Cardom 10 is fitted with a load-assist device to reduce crew fatigue and increase rate of fire. The 120 mm mortar bomb is placed on the loading tray that then moves upwards and aligns itself with the barrel, which is 2 m Long , and releases the mortar bomb. The system has a range of 7,000 m and a rate of fire of 16 rounds per minute. Maximum rate of fire is 10 rds/min and multiple round simulaneous impact (MRSI) fire missions can be carried out with a total of 38 120 mm mortar bombs carried.
Royal Danish Army Piranha 5 Advanced Automated Autonomous Mortar System

Royal Danish Army Piranha 5 Advanced Automated Autonomous Mortar System


General Dynamics European Land Systems (GDELS) has signed on 15 December 2015 a contract with the Danish Ministry of Defence armament procurement arm Forsvarsministeriets Materiel- og Indkøbsstyrelse (FMI) for the delivery of 309 GDELS-Mowag Piranha 5 8×8 wheeled armoured vehicles in six variants (infantry fighting, command post, ambulance, engineer, mortar carrier and repair unit) aimed for the Royal Danish Army. However the contract was announced by GDELS on January 26. The contract worth USD600 million also include a multi-year sustainment con¬tract for the through life support of the vehicles. Deliveries will commence in 2018 and continue through 2023. The new fleet is intended to progressively replace existing tracked armoured vehicles of M113 family. The Piranha 5 combat vehicle was selected over VBCI of Nexter System, PMMC G5 of Flensburger Fahrzeugbau GmbH (FFG) and CV 90 Armadillo of BAE Systems Hägglunds.

Elbit Systems awarded $125 M contract to provide new Israeli Self Propelled Howitzer

Elbit Systems awarded $125 M contract to provide new Israeli Self Propelled Howitzer

Elbit Systems Ltd. announced that it was awarded an approximately $125 million (NIS 460 million) contract from the Israeli Ministry of Defense to supply fully automatic self-propelled howitzer gun systems to the Israeli Defense Forces (“IDF”). The contract, which also includes the supply of training simulators, will be performed over a 12-year period. The Israeli Ministry of Defense and Elbit Systems intend that further part of the automatic howitzer gun systems program, under an additional contract to the Company in an amount that is expected to be material, will be performed by various U.S. companies including Elbit Systems of America, LLC, subject to completion of the receipt of applicable governmental approvals for the U.S. content. About half the work will be done by Elbit’s subsidiaries and partners in the United States, a sign of how Israeli defense spending has shifted since Washington restricted its ally’s ability to spend US aid on non-US products.

Elbit Systems ATMOS self-propelled howitzer

Elbit Systems ATMOS self-propelled howitzer


The new automatic howitzer gun system is based on ATMOS (Autonomous Truck Mounted howitzer System) and experience Elbit Systems accumulated over decades of supplying artillery systems to numerous armed forces. The new howitzer gun system will replace the aging M-109 artillery guns that have been serving the IDF for the past 40 years. The new gun system automatically selects the required projectile, propellant and fuze, loads them and lays the gun to optimally engage targets. The new howitzer gun system will enhance the effectiveness of the artillery formation of the IDF while reducing the number soldiers in each platform and significantly reduce life-cycle costs. ATMOS is a 155 mm/52 calibre self-propelled gun system manufactured by Israeli military manufacturer Soltam Systems (Elbit Systems). The system is long range, fast moving, truck mounted with a high firepower and mobility, rapid deployment, short response time, operable in all terrain areas. Highly adaptable, the modular ATMOS system is compatible with any 6×6 or 8×8 high-mobility tactical truck.
Elbit Systems ATMOS self-propelled howitzer

Elbit Systems ATMOS self-propelled howitzer

Ocelot Light Protected Patrol Vehicle

Ocelot Light Protected Patrol Vehicle

The Ocelot is a British armoured vehicle that is scheduled to replace the United Kingdom’s Snatch Land Rover with British forces. It received the service name Foxhound, in line with the names given to other wheeled armored vehicles in current British use, such as Mastiff and Ridgeback, which are based on the Cougar. Unlike mine-protected vehicles based on existing commercial chassis, Ocelot is based on modular flexibility. This imaginative, new-from-the-ground-up design integrates V-hull, blast-protection technology with a demountable protected crew pod that allows multiple configurations for different roles. In essence, the Mastiff and the Land Rover fire-support kit have sired an agile prodigy: the Ocelot. The goal in replacing the Snatch Land Rover was to improve protection of personnel against improvised explosive devices (IEDs).

Ocelot Light Protected Patrol Vehicle

Ocelot Light Protected Patrol Vehicle


The Ocelot light protected patrol vehicle (LPPV) is designed by Force Protection Europe and the automotive engineering company Ricardo. Following the acquisition by General Dynamics in December 2011, the Ocelot is marketed as part of General Dynamics Land Systems vehicle portfolio. This is smaller than most Mine-Resistant Ambush-Protected (MRAP) vehicles, but larger than the Humvee replacement vehicles being developed through the Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV) program. It can weigh up to 7,500 kilograms (16,500 lb), powered by a Steyr M16-Monoblock diesel engine (6-cylinder, 160 kW[7]), connected to a ZF 6HP28X 6-speed automatic transmission, it reaches a speed of 50 mph (80 km/h) in 19.75 seconds, and has a maximum speed of 82 mph (132 km/h). Its wheels function independently, so the vehicle’s other wheels should continue to work if one is blown off. It is claimed that the engine can be removed and replaced in 30 minutes.