Category Archives: Ground Warfare

International MaxxPro MRAP Mine Resistant Ambush Protected

International MaxxPro MRAP Mine Resistant Ambush Protected

The International MaxxPro MRAP (Mine Resistant Ambush Protected) vehicle is an armored fighting vehicle designed by American company Navistar International’s subsidiary Navistar Defense along with the Israeli Plasan Sasa, who designed and manufactures the vehicle’s armor. Extensively tested by the military and used in theater today, the MaxxPro features a V-shaped hull and other design features that greatly improve survivability. With so much protection, it’s the vehicle that every crew wants when they’re out in the field. The vehicle was designed to take part in the US Military’s Mine Resistant Ambush Protected vehicle program, led by the US Marine Corps, as well as a similar US Army-led Medium Mine Protected Vehicle program.

International MaxxPro Plus with Frag Kit 6

International MaxxPro Plus with Frag Kit 6


MRAPs are categorized as category 1 or category 2, depending on usage and passenger compartment space, and Navistar produces the MaxxPro in both sizes, although the vast majority of those sold have been category 1 MRAPs. The MaxxPro Plus model comes with dual rear wheels for increased load carrying capacity, such as an ambulance or EFP protected variant. The latest model produced is the MaxxPro Dash, which is a smaller and lighter category 1 model. Both the Plus and Dash models use the MaxxForce 10 engine with 375 hp, in place of the DT 530 with 330 hp, used in the original base model produced. On June 16, 2008 Navistar debuted a new version called MaxxPro Plus. MaxxPro Plus has increased engine power and payload, as well as Frag Kit 6 enhancements for increased explosively formed penetrator protection.
International MaxxPro Dash

International MaxxPro Dash


The MaxxPro utilizes a crew capsule with a V-shaped hull, mounted on an International 7000 chassis. The V-hull deflects the blast of a land mine or improvised explosive device (IED) away from the vehicle to protect its occupants. Because the chassis is mounted outside the armored crew capsule, there are concerns that it will likely be destroyed in the event of an ambush, leaving the soldiers inside stranded. However, according to Navistar Defense spokesperson Roy Wiley, the MaxxPro “did extremely well during the tests, and we are extremely pleased.” This design may prove as effective as the Krauss-Maffei Wegmann ATF Dingo that uses a similar design, one which mounts an armored capsule to a Unimog chassis. This design has survived a 7 kg (15 lb) land mine blast with no injuries.
International MaxxPro MRV

International MaxxPro MRV


Initially just two vehicles were delivered for testing at the Aberdeen Proving Ground in March 2007. About 9,000 MaxxPro vehicles were bought by the U.S. Army between 2007 and 2011, and they plan to keep only about 3,000 of them. Navistar is pitching the MaxxPro MRAP as a vehicle that can be upgraded into a mobile command post or power generator. With budget cuts, the plan would allow the Army to get solutions they want from the existing fleet. The company is also planning to make it a maintenance vehicle and mortar carrier. The MaxxPro has been exported to a number of countries. Largest operators are Jordan (100), Romania (60) and Hungary (42).

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RT2000 Artillery Multiple Launch Rocket System

RT2000 Artillery Multiple Launch Rocket System

The Ray-Ting 2000 or RT-2000 AMLRS (Artillery Multiple Launch Rocket System) developed by Taiwan-based Chungshan Institute of Science and Technology (CSIST) for the Republic of China (Taiwan) Army. The wheeled multiple launch rocket system replaces the existing Kung Feng VI 117mm rocket system. The RT-2000 is an accurate Artillery Multiple Launch Rocket System designed to fire against amphibious assault and to enhance the firepower of conventional tube artillery. There are three kinds of Ray-Ting 2000 rockets with their maximum range. Ray-Ting 2000 launcher with self-reload crane is mounted on a high mobility 8X8 cargo truck. The design of sealed rocket pod reduces the reloading time and process remarkably. Such design also lowers the maintenance requirement and eases stockpile.

RT2000 Artillery Multiple Launch Rocket System

RT2000 Artillery Multiple Launch Rocket System


The Taiwanese Army has a total requirement of about 150 Ray-Ting 2000 systems. It received its first Ray-Ting 2000 AMLRS from CSIST in September 2012. Ray-Ting 2000 launcher is equipped with fully automatic fire control system, elevation and azimuth driven systems, and position and direction determining system. Over 50 RT2000 systems are currently planned for production by the Republic of China Ministry of National Defence (MND) at a cost of $483m. All the units are deployed under the 21st Artillery Command and each artillery group is equipped with three Ray-Ting 200 batteries comprising 18 RT2000 launchers. The main role of the RT2000 is costal defense. It is intended to neutralize enemy amphibious craft with troops and equipment before reaching the beach.
RT2000 Artillery Multiple Launch Rocket System

RT2000 Artillery Multiple Launch Rocket System


Mounted on the rear of the chassis is the powered launcher that can be fitted with pods of unguided surface-to-surface rockets that are aimed and fired with the crew remaining in the forward control cab. The first variant of the RT-2000 was based on the American Oshkosh Defense M977 HEMTT truck. The truck is powered by the Detroit Diesel 8V92TA engine, developing 450 horsepower. The latest production system is mounted on an 8×8 MAN military truck. Three types of launcher units can be mounted to the back side of the chassis, 117 mm with 60 rockets, 180 mm with 27 rockets, and 230 mm with 12 rockets. Mounted in the fully enclosed forward control cab is the fire-control panel which allows the crew to aim and fire the rockets with key elements of the system including the electronic unit, position and attitude determining system, controller box, servo motors, amplifier and the communications processor.

RT2000 Artillery Multiple Launch Rocket System

RT2000 Artillery Multiple Launch Rocket System


The RT2000 uses three types of rockets: Mk15, Mk30 and Mk45. The mark number of each rocket type indicates the maximum range in kilometers. The RT-2000 can use 60 Mk15 117-mm rockets. It is the same rocket used with the Kung Feng 6A launcher. The Mk30 180-mm rocket is larger and launcher can hold 27 of them. The Mk45 is a 230-mm rocket and has a range of 45 km. It is claimed that a full salvo of the Mk45 rockets covers area of 200 000 m², destroying all small landing craft and damaging larger ones. The RT-2000 can hold 12 of the Mk45 rockets. The Mk30 and Mk45 can utilize high explosive or cluster warheads. It is worth mentioning that the RT-2000 can fire while moving. The Mk45 can destroy all small landing craft and damage large sized ships. All three rocket-types in the Ray-Ting 2000 are powered by solid propellant motors. They are equipped with four fins for in-flight stabilisation. Each rocket can be equipped with a front-mounted warhead of high-explosive or sub-munition.

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FNSS ACV-19 Armored Combat Vehicle

FNSS ACV-19 Armored Combat Vehicle

The ACV-19 (Armored Combat Vehicle) is the general name for a class of 15-19 ton, modern high performance vehicles derived from the highly successful FNSS ACV. The vehicle was previously known as the Armoured Combat Vehicle — Stretched. The ACV-19 is a further development of the ACV-15, which is developed from the M113 series of armoured personnel carriers built by United Defense of the United States. The vehicle is in service with Turkey and has obtained export orders from Jordan, Malaysia, and the United Arab Emirates. ACV-19 offers the latest developments in high value vehicle performance for internal volume and payload but maintains the advantages of commonality with ACV family of vehicles. The ACV-19 retains the basic shape of the M113, although it is actually derived from the ACV-300, an infantry fighting vehicle derived itself from the M113

FNSS ACV-19 Armored Combat Vehicle

FNSS ACV-19 Armored Combat Vehicle


The differences between ACV-15 and ACV-19 consist primarily of a longer (stretched) hull (6 road wheels), heavy duty final drives, and more aggressive suspension. The ACV-19 offers more volume under armor, more payload capacity than ACV-15. Consequently, the ACV-19 chassis can support heavier payloads such as larger turrets, without compromising the mobility offered by ACV-15. Additionally, 90% spare parts commonality among ACV-19 and ACV-15 make maintenance more convenient for users of both variants. The ACV-19 chassis are provided with a unique, space laminated armor system combining steel and aluminum technology to provide a high level of armor protection against direct KE threats. Also, the hull provides protection against mines. the vehicle remains air-portable on many western aircraft, including the C-130 Hercules, C-5 Galaxy, C-141 Starlifter, and C-17 Globemaster III.
ACV-19 IFV25

The ACV-19 IFV25 is fitted with a 25 mm one man Sharpshooter Turret and has the capacity of carrying 11 personnel including driver and commander/gunner.


ACV-19 CFV

The ACV-19 CFV variant is the Cavalry Fighting Vehicle configuration. It is armed with a two man turret which can be equipped with a 25 mm or 30 mm automatic cannon. The vehicle has the capacity of carrying 7 personnel including driver, commander, gunner and 4 dismounts.


FNSS ACV-19 Armored Combat Vehicle

The LGM-V is a laser guided missile carrier vehicle configuration of the ACV-19 FoV’. 8 rounds of ready to fire laser guided missiles are installed on the remote control missile launcher turret. The missiles are capable of destroying enemy bunkers as well as light and medium armored vehicles. The vehicle has the capacity of carrying 4 personnel and 8 Spare Laser Guided Missiles stored inside the vehicle.


FNSS ACV-19 Armored Combat Vehicle

The TLC variant is the Tracked Logistics Carrier configuration of the ACV-19 FoV’. It is configured with a fully armored driver and crane operator cabin placed in the front left side of the vehicle. An open flat cargo bed is available on the rear to carry loads and logistic supplies. It is equipped with a hydraulic crane to load and unload the heavy materials carried by the vehicle. It is also equipped with a self-recovery winch and a 12.7mm MG fitted on top of the vehicle. It is capable of transporting 6,000 kg of ammunition and general cargo to forward areas in support of field units. The vehicle has a capacity of carrying 2 personnel including driver and a gunner/winch operator.


ACV-19 AAPC

The AAPC variant is the Advanced Armored Personnel
Carrier configuration of the ACV-19 vehicles.
The vehicle is armed with a 12.7 mm MG and
has the capacity of carrying 13 personnel including
driver, commander and gunner.


ACV-19 CPV

The ACV-19 CPV is the Command post variant of
ACV-19 FoV’. It is used as an operational staff officer’s
command post at the Brigade and Battalion
level. It can also be configured as a Fire Direction
Centre. It has the capacity of carrying 8 personnel
including driver, vehicle commander and staff officers.


Plasan StormRider Light Armored Vehicles

Plasan StormRider Light Armored Vehicles

The new StormRider is the latest member of the SandCat FoV and is built around the same rugged Ford components. The StormRider is engineered as a fully structural Monocoque, doing away with a ladder-frame chassis – 4×4 Tactical Armored Vehicles, Independent Suspensions & CTIS, 2a/2b Mine Protection and STANAG Level II/III all-round protection and provides increased payload capacity including AWD with Differential Locks integrated militarycapabilities. First launched in 2005, the SandCat has evolved into a broad Family of Vehicles, fielded in over 16 countries across 5 continents. Now joining the range is the StormRider models, the first new vehicles which are based on Plasan’s 4th generation SandCat architecture.

Plasan StormRider Light Armored Vehicles

Plasan StormRider Light Armored Vehicles


The new armored floor design achieves a higher level of underbelly mine protection without paying the usual price in weight and height. The StormRider maintains the SandCat’s compact dimensions, easy access 5-door design, with a new Independent suspensions, All-wheel-Drive and integrated CTIS for caring 10 soldiers with uncompromised 4×4 Tactical Mobility for a sub-12t GVW. Peripheral protection is modular and can be configured between STANAG 2 and STANAG 3 (or equivalent) subject to payload requirements. Firing ports permit the crew to fire their weapons from the safety of the protected cabin and the interior is designed to accommodate many different communications systems and other equipment. Two-zone air-conditioning is standard and options include independent heater, NBC filtration, Fire-Suppression Systems, situational awareness systems and either manual or remote-controlled roof-mounted weapons.
Plasan StormRider Light Armored Vehicles

Plasan StormRider Light Armored Vehicles


New heavy-duty door-handles open the doors with an ease unheard of on armored vehicles. Inside, dual combat-locks ensure that the doors stay safely closed, even after a blast event. Floating floors, footpads, and eight Energy Attenuating (EA) blast seats protect the occupants and even more importantly keep them comfortable over long missions. The SandCat’s distinctive glass shapes are optimized for field of view and light weight. In fact the entire design is the result of optimizing geometry and materials to maximize space, payload, and protection, and minimize weight. The interior is well-insulated and spacious, designed specifically to accept integration of any equipment a user could need.
Plasan StormRider Light Armored Vehicles

Plasan StormRider Light Armored Vehicles


In the new variants you will find Plasan’s Past Experience in “Kitted-Hull” Combat Proven Integrated Survivability Systems (ISS) at all protection levelsdefense and automotive systems withcomprehensiveknowledge of worldwide industry and military standards and regulations. Plasan’s “Kitted Hull” Design is ideal for local production and Transfer of Technology (ToT) to Latin America local industry – Manufacturing, Assembly, Integration, Maintenance and Service. The SandCat M-LPV and StormRider are built on the heritage of the only original SandCat. More than ever, the SandCat gets you to your mission, and brings you safely home.

Hamza 6x6 MCV Armoured Vehicle

Hamza 6×6 MCV Armoured Vehicle

The Hamza 6×6 MCV is a new Modular Design Multi-Role combat vehicle, fully designed and developed by the Pakistani Company Cavalier Group to response to the new needs of Pakistani army. The vehicle can accommodate a total of 13 military personnel including driver, commander and gunner. The Hamza can be fitted with a full range of weapon system including small turret or remote weapon station which can be armed with machine gun or automatic cannon up to 30 mm caliber. The vehicle is motorized with a Cummins ISM 500 6 cylinders Turbo Charged and Intercooled diesel engine coupled to an Allison 6 speed automatic transmission. The vehicle can run at a maximum road speed of 110 km with a maximum cruising range of 500 km

Hamza 6x6 MCV Armoured Vehicle

Hamza 6×6 MCV Armoured Vehicle


The vehicle features a V-shaped wall monocoque armored hull design and offers advanced protection features and superior off-road mobility and can operate in urban, mountainous and difficult rural terrains. The hull of the HAMZA 6×6 provides standard protection Level 4 STANAG 4569, with ballistic protection against firing of small arms 14.5 mm caliber and mine blast of 10 kg of TNT under the wheels. The vehicle can be fitted with an armour package to increase the protection to Level 5 STANAG 4569. The HAMZA 6×6 has a combat weight from 20 to 22 tons with a payload capacity of 7 tons maximum.
Hamza 6x6 MCV Armoured Vehicle

Hamza 6×6 MCV Armoured Vehicle


The Cavalier Energy and Defence Systems Group is a fully integrated group dealing primarily in the Energy, Defence and Information Technology sectors. The comprises of three major divisions, the Energy Division and the Defence Systems Division. The group was established in 2001, is ISO 9001:2008 certified and registered with all major Defence Institutions and Energy Sector Departments. The group draws on the technical, commercial and project management abilities of over 200 staff members spanning over five locations across the globe including United Kingdom, United States of America, China and United Arab Emirates.

Nurol Makina

Nurol Makina

Nurol Makina ve Sanayi A.S. (Nurol Makina) was founded in 1976 to deliver turnkey industrial plants and perform large scale contracting regarding steel construction and machinery production. Nurol Makina is a manufacturer of tactical wheeled armoured vehicles (TWAV) and special-purpose platforms for both Turkish and international users and provides innovative vehicle designs for defence applications. Nurol Makina has started her activities in the field of defense industry after the establishment of the Undersecretariat for Defense Industries (SSM) in Turkey. Nurol Makina established its facilities at Sincan, Ankara Industrial Zone in 1992. Until today, Nurol Makina has carried out many critical projects in an indoor area of 25.000 m2 on a land of 65.000 m2 with its qualified and experienced personnel.

NMS 4X4 Light Armored Vehicles

NMS 4X4 Light Armored Vehicles


NMS, which is designed by Nurol Makina ve San. A.Ş. has V shaped monocoque body and indigenous chassis. Improvements that have been made in drive-train, make the vehicle extremely fast and maneuverable on a variety of conditions. Offering high protection at a lower weight brings unique superiority to the vehicle in combat areas against the most aggressive and asymmetric threats. The vehicle designed for variety of missions, offers combat troops a range of capabilities ranging from carrying weapons systems to reconnaissance missions. NMS with next generation design and features, is a perfect combination of scalable armor and composite material.
Ejder Yalçın 4X4 Armored Combat Vehicle

Ejder Yalçın 4X4 Armored Combat Vehicle


EJDER YALÇIN 4×4 Armored Combat Vehicle a unique platform that has high protection and mobility, is developed to meet the operational requirements of military units and security forces in every region including rural and urban areas. By its unique design and high payload capacity, different payloads can be integrated; therefore EJDER YALÇIN 4×4 can be customized for various applications. With its powerful diesel engine, high torque capability and fully independent suspension system, the vehicle offers superior off-road performance. During the development of EJDER YALÇIN 4×4, in addition to the superior protection features, user’s operational & ergonomic requirements were also considered and an ideal platform was created for the personnel to operate more efficiently and more secure in the field.
Ejder Toma Riot Control Vehicle

Ejder Toma Riot Control Vehicle


EJDER TOMA®, which has 4×4 mobility, indigenous military chassis and fully independent suspension system, is manufactured for the security forces to interfere quickly and effectively against the civil
disobedience. EJDER TOMA® which was uniquely designed by Nurol Makina, has been developed to maintain public order and security in rural and urban areas as well as border regions with its high
off-road performance. All the tools, equipment, hardware electronics and software used in Ejder TOMA 4×4, is originally developed by Nurol Makina. Thus any configuration change or additional requirement can be implemented at minimum cost & time even to the vehicles in service.
Ilgaz-II 4X4 Internal Security Vehicle

Ilgaz-II 4X4 Internal Security Vehicle


ILGAZ-II 4×4 was developed in order to meet the requirements of special operation forces, military units and security forces to intervene illegal demonstrations, restoring public order and for rapid response in residential and rural areas. Into the design phase of ILGAZ-II 4×4, Nurol Makina paid particular attention to the crews protection while ensuring that the crew can carry out their tasks safely and effectively. ILGAZ-II 4X4; offers special solutions for the different requirements of users with Ambulance, Anti-Tank Vehicle, Combat Vehicle, Command & Control Vehicle, Recce & Surveillance Vehicle, Counter Terrorism Vehicle, Internal Security Vehicle, Crime Scene Investigation Vehicle.

Puma Streit Group 4x4 Armoured Personnel Carrier

Streit Group Puma 4×4 Armoured Personnel Carrier

The Puma is 4×4 APC (Armoured Personnel carrier) designed, produced and manufactured by the Company Streit Group, the world’s leading privately-owned vehicle armoring company, a success built on the proven performance of its customized security and civil armored vehicles in testing conflict zones. The vehicle was unveiled for the first in February 2013, at IDEX the International Defense Exhibition of Abu Dhabi in United Arab Emirates. The Puma is a reliable and highly protected APC with proven capabilities.

Streit Group Puma 4x4 Armoured Personnel Carrier

Streit Group Puma 4×4 Armoured Personnel Carrier


Puma Armored Personnel Carrier is designed to protect against ballistic threats with an outstanding on and off road capability thanks to its high powered 5.7 Liter petrol engine. With a large payload, crew compartment and an option to fit a large remote controlled weapons station enables Puma to provide an ideal fire support platform. The vehicles components such as suspension and brake system are fully upgraded to meet the specification of the end usage enabling the vehicle to take on many rolls, both military and civil defense.
Streit Group Puma 4x4 Armoured Personnel Carrier

Streit Group Puma 4×4 Armoured Personnel Carrier


The Puma APC is currently in service with many armies and security forces in the world. With its 4×4 maneuverability, nimble performance and aggressive stance, it can safely navigate in the most challenging of urban environments. It is also highly customizable to meet any requirements for specific missions. The vehicle can be used for a wide range of missions including peacekeeping operations. Puma is specifically designed for high speed mobility operations such as Quick Reaction Force, and Convoy Escort duties.