Category Archives: Ground Warfare

Oshkosh Defense awarded $232.7M to recapitalize US Army's heavy vehicle fleet

Oshkosh Defense awarded $232.7M to recapitalize US Army’s heavy vehicle fleet

Oshkosh Defense, LLC, an Oshkosh Corporation company, announced today that it has been awarded two delivery orders, totaling $235.2 million, from the U.S. Army Tank-Automotive and Armaments Command (TACOM) to recapitalize vehicles in the Army’s Heavy Expanded Mobility Tactical Trucks (HEMTT) and Palletized Load System (PLS) fleets. The Wisconsin-based company will work onheavy expanded mobility tactical trucks, or HEMTT, and palletized load system, or PLS, trucks.

HEMTT 4 is used for cargo, refueling, load handling, recovery, light equipment transportation and transporting guided missiles.

HEMTT 4 is used for cargo, refueling, load handling, recovery, light equipment transportation and transporting guided missiles.


The recapitalization process upgrades vehicles to the latest configuration and quickly returns them to operation with the same high performance and life cycle cost advantage of a new vehicle. The recapitalization process involves stripping a vehicle to the frame rails and rebuilding it to the newest configurations, returning to the fleet a refurbished vehicle with the same technology, safety features and life cycle cost of a brand new one. Through recapitalization, vehicles come off the line in zero-mile, zero-hour condition.

Under the contract, Oshkosh will recapitalize 410 vehicles as well as manufacture 680 new PLS trailers. Deliveries of the units will begin in Fiscal Year 2019. In total, Oshkosh has recapitalized over 13,000 HEMTT and 3,000 PLS since 1995. Since 1995, Oshkosh has been performing recapitalization services on these vehicles. The HEMTTs have been in the Army’s fleet since 1981 and the PLS since 1990.

The PLS is designed to carry ammunition and other critical supplies.

The PLS is designed to carry ammunition and other critical supplies.


“As the backbone of the U.S. Army’s resupply and distribution system, the HEMTT and PLS vehicles are heavily relied on to carry munitions and other critical supplies across all types of terrains and in all types of environments,” said Pat Williams, vice President and general manager of U.S. Army and Marine Corps Programs for Oshkosh Defense. “As the original equipment manufacturer, we know these vehicles inside and out, and we are in the best position to quickly return them to field operations in like-new condition,” Williams said.

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Rosomak-Rak 120mm Self-Propelled Mortar System

Rosomak-Rak 120mm Self-Propelled Mortar System


The Rosomak-Rak 120mm self-propelled mortar system is currently being produced by Huta Stalowa Wola (HSW) to meet the requirements of the Polish Land Forces. The Rak self-propelled mortar system is based on the on the chassis of Rosomak 8×8 armoured vehicle. The Kołowy Transporter Opancerzony “Rosomak” (Wolverine) is 8×8 multi-role military vehicle produced by Rosomak S.A. in Siemianowice Śląskie, a Polish Armaments Group company. The vehicle is a licensed variant of Patria’s Armored Modular Vehicle (AMV). The Polish Wojskowe Zaklady Mechaniczne company has the rights to produce and marketing the vehicle to both Polish MoD and foreign customers until 2023. This company also has the rights to service and repair these vehicles until 2052.

Rosomak-Rak 120mm Self-Propelled Mortar System

Rosomak-Rak 120mm Self-Propelled Mortar System


The Rosomak-Rak 120mm Self-Propelled Mortar System can conduct indirect, semi-direct and direct fire against mechanised units, command posts, command-observation points and fortifications. The contract for the production of 64 Rak mortar systems and 32 command post vehicles was signed between the MoND Armament Inspectorate and the consortium of Huta Stalowa Wola and Rosomak in April 2016. Each Polish artillery company comprises eight Rak 120mm mortar vehicles, four command-post vehicles for company and platoon commanders, two artillery reconnaissance vehicles, and three artillery ammunition supply vehicles. The Polish Land Forces are anticipated to take delivery of two artillery company modules a year until 2020.
Rosomak-Rak 120mm Self-Propelled Mortar System

Rosomak-Rak 120mm Self-Propelled Mortar System


Huta Stalowa Wola (HSW) is developing, as a private venture, a turret mounted 120 mm breech loaded mortar system called Rak to meet the potential requirements of the Polish Army as well as export markets. The turret is of all-welded steel armour protection that provides protection from small arms fire and shell splinters. The system will be operated by a crew of four people. As the system is turret mounted it will be capable of carrying out direct and indirect fire missions with maximum range of the latter depending on the projectile/propellant combination. Maximum stated rate of fire is between 10 and 12 rounds a minute. It is understood that when being used in the indirect fire role it will have a minimum range of 500 m and a maximum range of 12,000 m when being used in the indirect fire role.
Rosomak-Rak 120mm Self-Propelled Mortar System

Rosomak-Rak 120mm Self-Propelled Mortar System


The turret and the hull are of all-welded steel armour which provides a protection against small arms firing 7.62mm caliber, 155mm artillery shell splinters and hand grenades, unexploded artillery fragmenting sub-munitions, and other small anti-personnel explosive devices detonated under the vehicle (Level 1 STANAG 4569).T he RAK 120mm 8×8 self-propelled mortar carrier is motorized with a Scania DI1249A03P turbocharged diesel engine coupled to an automatic gearbox ZF 7HP 902S Ecomat with 7 forward and one reverse gears. The 8×8 chassis is similar to the Rosomak armoured vehicle personnel carrier with hydro pneumatic suspension system. The vehicle can run at a maximum road speed of 80 km/h with a maximum cruising range of 500 km. The vehicles can negotiate gradients up to 60% and side slope of 35%, fording depth of 1.5m without preparation. It can cross a trench of 2.1m width and a vertical obstacle of 0.5m.

XRGL40 Extended Range 40mm MGL


The XRGL40 is specifically designed as a lightweight, individually operated, shoulder fired, extended range grenade launcher system. The various ammunition options allow the operational commander extreme flexibility in tactical offensive and defensive application in all theatres of operation. Can fire all listed ammunition types without any mechanical changes to the launcher. Rippel Effect’s range of reflex sighting system, specifically designed for 40mm grenade launchers (40mm MGL) enhances increased first hit probability and accuracy.

XRGL40 Extended Range 40mm MGL

XRGL40 Extended Range 40mm MGL


The XRGL40 Extended Range Grenade Launcher is certified to fire both Low- and Medium Velocity 40mm grenades, as well as less-lethal riot /crowd control ammunition from the same launcher with no configuration changes. The weapon offers pinpoint accuracy at 250 meters and has an extended range capability of up to 800 meters. A range of lethal- and non-lethal ammunition can be loaded and offers elite-, infantry- and law enforcement units a combat proven weapon to gain tactical superiority.
XRGL40 Extended Range 40mm MGL

XRGL40 Extended Range 40mm MGL


It was reported last year that Energetics Technologies (ETL) of the UK had become the latest ammunition manufacturer to use Rippel Effect’s XRGL40 launcher to develop a 40mm medium velocity (MV) grenade. Other ammunition developers that used the XRGL40 were Diehl BGT Defence, Rheinmetall-Denel Munition and Indumil of Colombia, while STK of Singapore and Atlantis Corporation of South Africa both now certify their extended range low velocity grenades with the XRGL40.
XRGL40 Extended Range 40mm MGL

XRGL40 Extended Range 40mm MGL


Rippel Effect is a South African privately owned military equipment and systems manufacturer. The company has been supplying a range of own designed grenade launchers, sighting and observation systems, and accessories to defense and law enforcement agencies worldwide. Since 1995 Rippel Effect have built a solid reputation for the supply and long-term support of products to the world market, along with training in our respective client countries. All the Rippel Effect products are manufactured to comply with the latest stringent military (NATO) standards.
XRGL40 Extended Range 40mm MGL

XRGL40 Extended Range 40mm MGL

General Dynamics Land Systems gets $402M contract for US Army Stryker Technical Support Services

General Dynamics Land Systems gets $402M contract for US Army Stryker Technical Support Services

The U.S. Army has awarded General Dynamics Land Systems a contract worth up to $402 million for Systems Technical Support (STS) for the Stryker Brigade Combat Team (SBCT). Under the cost-plus-fixed-fee contract, the company will provide systems technical support (STS) for the US Army’s Stryker Brigade Combat Team (SBCT) for a period of five years. Under the five-year STS contract that began in January, GD will perform a variety of work, including log, development, and support of government testing. The objective of the partnership is to maintain high operational readiness for the Soldiers who serve in the SBCT. Work will be performed with current employees at GD operations in Sterling Heights and London, Ontario.

The US Army’s Stryker Brigade Combat Team (SBCT) will carry out a range of activities such as log, development, and support of government testing. This will enable high operational readiness maintenance for the soldiers who serve in the SBCT. SBCT is an infantry-centric organisation that seeks to bridge the operational gaps between the army’s light forces and heavy forces. It provides the army with a lethal, deployable, survivable, and mobile option formed around the ten flat-bottom variants of the Stryker vehicle.

Stryker Infantry Carrier Vehicle (M1126)

Stryker Infantry Carrier Vehicle (M1126)


The US Army continues to modernize its Stryker fleet of vehicles through the introduction of the 30mm, up gunned Infantry Carrier Vehicle – Dragoon (ICVD), and the Double-V Hull A1 platform. The Stryker A1 eight-wheeled vehicle is built to vastly increase power, survivability and mobility, while providing extra stowage and seating for nine Soldiers, plus a 3-Soldier crew. The Stryker fleet is considered the backbone of the Army, with nearly 4,700 vehicles fielded.

Land Systems is a business unit of General Dynamics Land Systems provides innovative design, engineering, technology, production, fielding and full life-cycle support for land combat vehicles around the globe. The company’s extensive experience, customer-first focus and seasoned supply chain network provide unmatched capabilities to the U.S. military and its allies.

Stryker Brigade Combat Team (SBCT)

Stryker Brigade Combat Team (SBCT)

Nammo HE-ER 155 mm artillery ammunition

Nammo HE-ER 155 mm artillery ammunition


While artillery traditionally has been limited to a maximum range of 20-30 km, recent years have seen the introduction of new systems that support a maximum range of more than 40 km. In February 2013, Nammo started to develop a new family of conventional 155 mm artillery ammunition, specially designed for long range. The new shell design is known as the 155 mm IM HE-ER (Insensitive Munitions, High Explosive, Extended Range). It provides artillery forces with the ability to effectively target both personnel and vehicles at ranges over 40 km with very good accuracy – and it does so without adding any guidance systems or submunitions. Instead, Nammo has drawn on its experience from two other areas of expertise – rocket motors and sniper ammunition – to design one of the most capable conventional shells on the market.

Nammo is marketing its 155 mm IM HE-ER projectiles with an interchangeable base bleed (BB) unit or a hollow base (HB) unit. It can be fired from 155 mm 39- and 52-calibre towed and self-propelled artillery weapons whose ordnance meet the NATO Joint Ballistic Memorandum of Understanding (JBMOU). The 155 mm IM HE-ER projectiles are complemented by illuminating, smoke, and practice projectiles, which also have interchangeable BB or HB units. The 155 mm illuminating projectile is available in two versions: white light and infrared (IR), with the former lasting 60 seconds and the latter 90 seconds. The 155 mm illuminating contains three red phosphorous canisters that have brake flaps, which are claimed to make them effective in deep snow and marsh. The 155 mm training projectile has been qualified and is available in two versions: inert with no energetics or a small explosive spotting charge.

Nammo HE-ER 155 mm artillery ammunition

Nammo HE-ER 155 mm artillery ammunition


In 2016 Nammo reached a significant milestone in the development program when the 155 mm IM HE-ER completed its qualification trials. The test was a demonstration for the Swedish Armed Forces, and the rounds were fired from the Swedish Archer Gun System. A total of 32 live rounds were fired, all functioned as intended with a low dispersion in the target – High Precision at Long Distance. This followed an extensive test program that included environmental, transportation and firing tests. Such testing is a complex and rigorous process, and requires access to highly specialized test areas. During the maximum range test, when fired over the important benchmark range of 40 km at sea level, parts of the airspace over southern Sweden had to be closed off as the shells reached over 16 000 meters (more than 50 000 feet) into the air in less than a minute. By comparison, most airliners fly at altitudes between 30 and 40 000 feet.

Nammo experience from rocket motors has allowed us to fit the shell with a small rocket motor known as a base bleed. A base bleed is essentially a small rocket installed at the base of a shell that is ignited when it is fired. As it burns, the base stabilizes the airflow over the projectile, reducing drag, and thereby adding range. Nammo is today one of the world’s leading providers of rocket motors for anti-air missiles, including the AMRAAM, the AIM-9X Sidewinder, and the ESSM, and we have used this experience to also become the largest manufacturer of base bleeds for ammunition. Nammo experience from sniper ammunition has also benefited the design of the new shell, as high-performance sniper ammunition faces many of the challenges as long-range artillery ammunition. When firing at extended distances both suffer from the fact that even extremely small variations in materials and shape can change the airflow and weight distribution of the projectile, affecting what is known as its ‘ballistic properties’.

Spanish Army ASCOD Pizarro armoured fighting vehicle family

My steel house – life in a Pizarro armoured vehicle


In 2017, NATO’s enhanced Forward Presence saw four new deployments, bringing multinational battlegroups into Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland as a response to changing security environments along NATO’s eastern border.
This story follows three crew members of an ASCOD Pizarro armoured vehicle and their day-to-day life. The film crew embedded with the Brigade “Extremadura XI” from the pre-deployment training until their multinational training in Latvia. Here they share with us both military and more person moments.

Spanish Army ASCOD Pizarro armoured fighting vehicle family

Spanish Army ASCOD Pizarro armoured fighting vehicle family


As part of NATO’s enhanced Forward Presence in Latvia, Spain has deployed a heavy armoured unit abroad for the first time. Around 300 troops, 250 of which are from the Mechanised Infantry Brigade “Extremadura XI”, supported by Leopard tanks and Pizarro armoured vehicles, were stationed in eastern Europe for six months. They constituted the second biggest contingent of the Latvian-based battlegroup led by Canada. The battlegroup has also been supported by troops from Albania, the Czech Republic, Italy, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia.
Spanish Army ASCOD Pizarro armoured fighting vehicle family

Spanish Army ASCOD Pizarro armoured fighting vehicle family


The ASCOD (Austrian Spanish Cooperation Development) armoured fighting vehicle family is the product of a cooperation agreement between Austrian Steyr-Daimler-Puch AG (in 1998 the production of heavy armed vehicles was sold out under the name Steyr-Daimler-Puch Spezialfahrzeug, which is now the producer) and Spanish General Dynamics Santa Bárbara Sistemas (both companies are now divisions of a unit of General Dynamics). In Spanish service, the vehicle is called Pizarro, while the Austrian version is called Ulan. The ASCOD family includes the LT 105, a light tank equipped with a 105 mm gun, a SAM launcher, an anti-tank missile launcher, mortar carrier, R&R vehicle, Command & Control vehicle, ambulance, artillery observer, and the AIFV model.

Sierra Army Depot (SIAD)

Sierra Army Depot (SIAD)


Sierra Army Depot (SIAD) is a United States Army post and military equipment storage facility located near the unincorporated community of Herlong, California. It was built in 1942 as one of several ammunition storage facilities located far enough inland to be safe from Japanese attack. The site also met the requirement that the depot be in a dry and isolated area. Sierra Army Depot was established in 1942 as an ordnance and general supply storage depot. Over the years, SIAD has adapted to changing conditions by becoming home of operational project systems. Today, SIAD offers a range of unique logistics, sustainment and maintenance capabilities.

Sierra Army Depot (SIAD)

Sierra Army Depot (SIAD)


Designated as a Center for Industrial and Technical Excellence (CITE) for all Petroleum and Water Systems, and Operational Project Stocks, Sierra Army Depot (SIAD) provides a unique readiness platform to the Total Army and Joint Force. SIAD performs a wide variety of long-term logistics and sustainment missions, ranging from equipment receipt and asset visibility to long-term care, storage and sustainment, to repair/reset of all Army fuel and water systems. The Depot is a subordinate of US Army Tank-automotive and Armaments Command (TACOM) and offers an enterprise-wide competitive solution to logistics challenges and fills a critical void in materiel and equipment management nearing the end of its first life. These unique operations provide a readiness and operational value to the Department of Defense through management and controlled redistribution of this equipment.
Sierra Army Depot (SIAD)

Sierra Army Depot (SIAD)


SIAD is highly experienced with equipment reset, new assembly/kitting operations, training operations, maintaining operational project stocks, and a redistribution mission for Class VII and Class IX items. It has established an End-of-First Life Center for combat and non-combat vehicles. SIAD supports similar functions for Organizational Clothing and Individual Equipment (OCIE) and Central Management Office (CMO) to receive, identify, classify, receipt/record clothing for multiple agencies such as the Program Execution Office, the CMO, the Defense Logistics Agency, and the US Air Force. The Depot can process “excess” OCIE from these agencies and various Clothing Issue Facilities (CIFs) as well as returned items from Southwest Asia, including posts, camps and stations. These capabilities have enabled the Depot to become a consolidation and distribution center for the CMO, supporting brigade level OCIE reset operations and the US Army Reserve CIF. The Depot also repairs defective ESAPI plates at a considerable cost savings to the Army.
Sierra Army Depot (SIAD)

Sierra Army Depot (SIAD)


With more than 1,000 structures from igloos to warehouses and maintenance buildings, SIAD produces world-class results in every mission.
Containerization and Assembly: The Depot’s kitting and assembly capability includes prototyping configuring, inspection and assessment of returns, replacements, preservation and packaging, equipment testing, containerization and shipment.
Container Rotator: The rotator is used as an efficient way to rotate ISO, TRICON and MILVAN shipping containers, reducing the total handling time from several hours to 20 minutes, and reducing manpower needs for container logistics support.
End-Of-First Life Center: SIAD’s combat vehicle End-of-First Life Center includes equipment consolidation surveillance and inspection, prepositioned stock, care of supplies in storage, asset and inventory management, regeneration programs for both end items and subcomponents, upgrades and redistribution, configuration management, kitting and system assembly/disassembly.
Maintenance: SIAD’s maintenance personnel are able to facilitate mechanical repairs, corrosion control, metal fabrication and repairs.
Retrograde, Reutilization and Redistribution: The largest organization at SIAD, the reclamation and redistribution facilities receive retrograde materials from southwest Asia, Europe and posts, camps and stations across the US.
Transportation: SIAD is recognized for its transportation capabilities because of its airfield, its joint air operations training and the improved logistical support to the Warfighter.
Sierra Army Depot (SIAD)

Sierra Army Depot (SIAD)