Naval Warfare

Turkey Launches Third Reis-Class Submarine at Gölcük Shipyard

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Turkey Launches Third Reis-Class Submarine at Gölcük Shipyard

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Turkey Launches Third Reis-Class Submarine at Gölcük Shipyard
Turkey Launches Third Reis-Class Submarine at Gölcük Shipyard

The Muratreis, the third vessel in the Turkish Navy’s Reis-class submarine fleet, has been successfully floated at the Gölcük Shipyard Command. This milestone is part of the New Type Submarine Project (YTDP), a collaborative initiative between the Turkish Defense Industry Agency (SSB) and ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems (TKMS). Valued at €2.06 billion, the YTDP involves the construction of six cutting-edge submarines. The first in the series, TCG Piri Reis, was laid down in 2015 and launched in December 2019. Piri Reis began sea trials in December 2022 and is expected to enter service in 2023, with each subsequent submarine slated for commissioning annually until 2027.

Reis-class submarines are based on the German Type 214 model and boast a length of 68.35 meters, a beam of 6.3 meters, and a submerged displacement of approximately 2,050 tons. The production of the Reis-class, formerly Cerbe-class, submarines takes place in two large hangars, Block A and B, of the Submarine Production Plant (“Denizalt? ?malat Fabrikas?”) at Gölcük Naval Shipyard. Block B is for welding works of submarine hull sheets and putting them together, while Block B is used for assembly and outfitting works and can accommodate three boat at one time.

Turkish Reis class submarine Muratreis. (Photo by Turkish MoD)
Turkish Navy Reis class submarine Muratreis. (Photo by Turkish MoD)

A standout feature of these submarines is their advanced air-independent propulsion (AIP) systems, which utilize PEM fuel cells. This technology allows the submarines to operate underwater for extended periods without needing to surface, thus enhancing their stealth and operational endurance. Under optimal conditions, they can remain submerged for up to three weeks. AIP is usually implemented as an auxiliary source, with the traditional diesel engine handling surface propulsion.

These formidable submarines are armed with a range of weaponry, including heavyweight torpedoes, anti-ship missiles, and mines. The Reis-class submarines are designed to execute a variety of missions such as anti-surface and anti-submarine warfare, intelligence, surveillance, reconnaissance, and special operations. Notably, the Reis-class submarines will be equipped with indigenous Turkish weaponry, including AKYA heavy torpedoes and ATMACA anti-ship missiles, further bolstering their combat capabilities.

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