Germany has embarked on a historic partnership with Israel, as evidenced by the recent agreement to introduce the Arrow 3 air defense system into the Bundeswehr. This collaboration signifies not only a crucial step in enhancing Germany’s national security but also a testament to the unique and steadfast relationship between these two nations. Germany’s Defense Minister Boris Pistorius and his Israeli counterpart Yoav Gallant recently met in Berlin to solidify their commitment to this transformative defense project. At the heart of this partnership is the Arrow 3 missile defense system, designed to intercept ballistic missiles in the upper interception layer outside Earth’s atmosphere. This system, jointly developed and produced by the Israel Missile Defense Organization (IMDO) and the United States Missile Defense Agency (MDA), offers a potent solution to Germany’s pressing need to address the threat of ballistic missiles effectively.
The significance of this cooperation cannot be overstated. Minister Pistorius rightfully referred to it as a “historic day for our two nations.” With the signing of the joint declaration on military cooperation, Germany and Israel have embarked on a path that will not only enhance their mutual security but also demonstrate the strength of their diplomatic ties. The commitment of both nations to the Arrow 3 project exemplifies their dedication to maintaining a strong defense posture in the face of modern challenges. The international community has recognized the importance of Germany’s collaboration with Israel on the Arrow 3 system. In August, the U.S. government approved Germany’s intended purchase of the system in Israel, marking it as “the largest defense agreement in Israel’s history.” The Arrow 3 system is not only groundbreaking but is set to become a vital component of Europe’s defense architecture as it integrates into the NATO protective shield. Additionally, the system has the potential to be integrated into the European Sky Shield Initiative (ESSI), a testament to its adaptability and effectiveness.
Germany faces increasing threats from ballistic missiles, as evidenced by ongoing conflicts around the world. The Arrow 3 system will close this capability gap by providing the Bundeswehr with the means to combat these missiles outside the Earth’s atmosphere. This investment in a market-available system ensures rapid initial capability, potentially as early as 2025. The system’s deployment will protect critical infrastructure, German forces, and allied forces, thereby significantly strengthening national and alliance defense. In a world where security is paramount, the Arrow 3 system will prepare Germany for the future of air defense. Beyond the defense aspect, this partnership between Germany and Israel highlights a relationship characterized by extraordinary levels of trust, friendship, and mutual reliability. It exemplifies the unique strategic relationship between the two nations, a bond that extends beyond the realm of defense into various facets of diplomacy and cooperation. This partnership underscores the notion that nations can come together to address common threats, fostering a safer and more secure world for all.
The Arrow 3 or Hetz 3 is an exoatmospheric hypersonic anti-ballistic missile, jointly funded, developed and produced by Israel and the United States. Undertaken by Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) and Boeing, it is overseen by the Israeli Ministry of Defense’s “Homa” administration and the U.S. Missile Defense Agency. It provides exo-atmospheric interception of ballistic missiles (during the space-flight portion of their trajectory), including intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs) carrying nuclear, chemical, biological or conventional warheads. With divert motor capability, its kill vehicle can switch directions dramatically, allowing it to pivot to see approaching satellites. The missile’s reported flight range is up to 2,400 km (1,500 mi).According to the chairman of the Israeli Space Agency, Arrow 3 may serve as an anti-satellite weapon, which would make Israel one of the world’s few countries capable of destroying satellites.