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US State Department Approves Sale of NASAMS Air Defence System to Ukraine


US State Department Approves Sale of NASAMS Air Defence System to Ukraine

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NASAMS Surface-to-air Missile Defense System
NASAMS Surface-to-air Missile Defense System

The U.S. State Department has made a determination approving a possible Foreign Military Sale to the Government of Ukraine of National Advanced Surface-to-Air Missile System (NASAMS) and related equipment for an estimated cost of $285 million. The Government of Ukraine has requested to buy the National Advanced Surface-to-Air Missile System (NASAMS), that includes: one (1) AN/MPQ-64F1 Sentinel Radar. Also included are a Fire Distribution Center (FDC); canister launchers, secure communications, GPS receivers, code loaders, and cable sets; tool kits; test equipment; support equipment; prime movers; generators; technical documentation; spare parts; U.S. Government and contractor technical support; and other related elements of logistics and program support.

This proposed sale will support the foreign policy goals and national security objectives of the United States by improving the security of a partner country that is a force for political stability and economic progress in Europe. The proposed sale of this equipment and support will not alter the basic military balance in the region. Ukraine has an urgent need to increase its capabilities to defend against Russian missile strikes and aircraft. Acquiring and effectively deploying this capability will enhance Ukraine’s ability to defend its people and protect critical national infrastructure. The principal contractor will be Raytheon Missiles and Defense, Tucson, AZ. There are no known offset agreements proposed in connection with this potential sale.

NASAMS Surface-to-air Missile System
NASAMS Surface-to-air Missile Defense System. (Photo by Raytheon)

NASAMS (Norwegian Advanced Surface-to-Air Missile System, also known as the National Advanced Surface-to-Air Missile System) is a distributed and networked short- to medium-range? ground-based air defense system developed by Kongsberg Defence & Aerospace (KDA) and Raytheon. The system defends against unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), helicopters, cruise missiles, unmanned combat aerial vehicles (UCAVs), and fixed wing aircraft,? firing any of a wide range of existing missiles. NASAMS was the first application of a surface-launched AIM-120 AMRAAM (Advanced Medium Range Air-to-Air Missile). NASAMS 2 is an upgraded version of the system capable of using Link 16, which has been operational since 2007. As of 2022, NASAMS 3 is the latest upgrade; deployed in 2019, it adds capability to fire AIM-9X Sidewinder, IRIS-T SLS and AMRAAM-ER missiles, and introduces mobile air-liftable launchers.

On 1 July 2022, the U.S. through the Pentagon announced, as part of an $820 million military aid package to Ukraine, the delivery of NASAMS air defense systems through the Ukraine Security Assistance Initiative (USAI) during the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine. Ukraine received the NASAMS system from the US in November 2022, and another procurement by Canada in January 2023. Defence Minister Anita Anand announced that Canada would purchase a NASAM and associated munitions from the United States to donate to Ukraine. The donation will cost Canadian taxpayers approximately $406 million. On March, 2023 Norway announced it would send two systems to Ukraine. In April 2023 the Ukrainian Air Force said that NASAMS have destroyed more than 100 enemy missiles and drones.

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