Maryland Air National Guard A-10s train with Estonian JTACs
Maryland Air National Guard A-10s train with Estonian JTACs

Maryland Air National Guard A-10s train with Estonian JTACs

Over the first two weeks in December, A-10C Thunderbolt II pilots from the 104th Fighter Squadron, Maryland Air National Guard conducted close air support training with joint terminal attack controllers from their state partner country of Estonia. The training event, which took place in New Jersey and Maryland, was led by an Oklahoma Air National Guard JTAC instructor who trained the two Estonian Defense Force members from the ground. After a two-week quarantine period for the Estonians due to COVID-19 safety precautions, the training began at Warren Grove Gunnery Range in Warren Grove, New Jersey. Week one of training focused on currency training and evaluations with live ordnance. This was followed by a second week focused on urban training in Vienna, Maryland.

Maryland Air National Guard A-10s train with Estonian JTACs
U.S. Air Force Tech. Sgt. Timothy Davis, a standards and evaluations program manager with the 146th Air Support Operations Squadron, Oklahoma Air National Guard, provides guidance to a joint terminal attack controller from the Estonian Defense Force during close air support training with A-10C Thunderbolt II aircraft assigned to 104th Fighter Squadron, Maryland Air National Guard, in Vienna, Maryland, on Dec. 8, 2020. (U.S. Air National Guard photo by Capt. Benjamin Hughes)

This training event is a continuation of the five years of regular training between OKANG JTACs and their international counterparts within the Estonian Defence Force. Estonia joined NATO in 2004 to continue participating in international security cooperation and help safeguard their borders. However, their military partnership with the Maryland National Guard dates back to 1993. For over 27 years, the MDNG and Estonia continue to enhance their partnership through the National Guard Bureau’s State Partnership Program. Since 2013, Maryland’s A-10s regularly travels every couple of years to participate in national exercise activities or U.S. European Command theater-wide exercises with state partners. The Estonian Air Force does not have an aircraft designed for close air support, so they rely on their partners to conduct live control training with their JTACs.

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Maryland Air National Guard A-10s train with Estonian JTACs
A U.S. Air Force A-10 Thunderbolt II from the 104th Fighter Squadron of the 175th Wing, Maryland Air National Guard, flies over the Warren Grove Gunnery Range, Dec. 3, 2020, in Warren Grove, N.J. Joint Terminal Attack Controllers from Estonia and the 146th Air Support Operations Squadron, Oklahoma Air National Guard, conducted close air support training under the State Partnership Program. (U.S. Air National Guard Photo by Airman Hunter Hires)

Training with JTACs is key to maximizing firepower and minimizing friendly casualties. The JTAC is the link between the ground commander and aircraft providing close air support to destroy, disrupt, suppress, fix, harass, neutralize, or delay enemy ground forces. The integration and interoperability with partners will lead to success on the battlefield but only if they train regularly, according to Griffin. This is something he has seen firsthand while previously serving as the bilateral affairs officer in the Office of Defense Cooperation in Tallinn, Estonia. In addition to partnering with Estonia, the MDNG has partnered with Bosnia-Herzegovina since 2003. The State Partnership Program has been successfully building relationships for over 25 years and now includes 78 partnerships with 84 nations around the globe.

Maryland Air National Guard A-10s train with Estonian JTACs
A U.S. Air Force A-10 Thunderbolt II, from the 104th Fighter Squadron of the 175th Wing, Maryland Air National Guard, flies over the Warren Grove Gunnery Range, Dec. 3, 2020, in Warren Grove, N.J. Joint Terminal Attack Controllers from Estonia and the 146th Air Support Operations Squadron, Oklahoma Air National Guard, conducted close air support training under the State Partnership Program. (U.S. Air National Guard Photo by Airman 1st Class Hunter Hires)
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