US Air Force Tests External Missile Carriage on B-1B Lancer Bomber
US Air Force Tests External Missile Carriage on B-1B Lancer Bomber

US Air Force Tests External Missile Carriage on B-1B Lancer Bomber


The B-1B Lancer’s expanded carriage capabilities comes one step closer to fruition following an external captive carry flight over the skies of Edwards Air Force Base, California, Nov. 20. The flight featured a B -1B Lancer assigned to the 412th Test Wing’s 419th Flight Test Squadron, Global Power Combined Test Force, and carried an inert Joint Air-to-Surface Standoff Missile under an external pylon for the first time. The captive carry flight was the culmination of the numerous ground tests that began with last year’s expanded carriage demonstration that included a modified internal bomb bay, which featured a moveable bulkhead. The demonstration showcased a configuration of the B-1 that would allow the aircraft to carry larger-sized weapons both internally and externally.
 A B-1B Lancer with a Joint Air-to-Surface Standoff Missile (JASSM) undergoes pre-flight procedures prior to a captive carry external weapons demonstration flight at Edwards Air Force Base, California, Nov. 17.
A B-1B Lancer with a Joint Air-to-Surface Standoff Missile (JASSM) undergoes pre-flight procedures prior to a captive carry external weapons demonstration flight at Edwards Air Force Base, California, Nov. 17. (Air Force photo by Giancarlo Casem)

“Adapting a small number of our healthiest B-1s to carry hypersonic weapons is vital to bridge between the bomber force we have today, to the force of tomorrow,” said Gen. Tim Ray, Air Force Global Strike Command commander. “This is a major step forward in our global precision fires capability and it is important we pursue these technologies to remain ahead of our competitors. My goal is to have a limited number of B-1s modified to become the roving linebacker of the western Pacific and the North Atlantic.

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“We’re essentially displaying our external weapons carriage capability,” said Maj. Bret Cunningham, a B-1B test pilot with the 419th FLTS. “We have a JASSM weapon on what is traditionally the targeting pod pylon on the forward right hard point, so we are demonstrating that the B-1 has the capability to carry weapons and employ them externally.”

US Air Force Tests External Missile Carriage on B-1B Lancer Bomber
Maj. Bret Cunningham, a B-1B test pilot with the 419th Flight Test Squadron, conducts pre-flight operations at Edwards Air Force Base, Nov. 17. Cunningham and his crew flew a captive carry external weapons demonstration of the B-1B Lancer in the skies over Edwards, Nov. 20. (Air Force photo by Giancarlo Casem)

This extensive engineering review will help the Air Force understand areas where it needs to focus on to maintain the B-1B as a multi-mission weapon system, potentially laying the groundwork for integration of future weapons on the aircraft. The B-1B was initially designed to incorporate a moveable bulkhead and usable external hard points for its original nuclear mission, however the U.S. shifted the Lancer’s mission to conventional weapons in 1994. The physical conversion to conventional-only armaments started in 2007 with the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START), and was finished in 2011. The current expanded carriage demonstrations will keep the aircraft compliant with the New START agreement, which means the Lancer can once again utilize those features while delivering conventional weapons.

US Air Force Tests External Missile Carriage on B-1B Lancer Bomber
A B-1B Lancer with a Joint Air-to-Surface Standoff Missile (JASSM) takes off from Edwards Air Force Base, California, Nov. 20. The flight was a demonstration of the B-1B’s external weapons carriage capabilities. (Air Force photo by Richard Gonzales)

The demonstration could mean a potential boon for combatant commanders as the increase in weapons stores remedies an immediate shortfall due to the limited number of strategic bombers. The proposed increase in capacity means that two bombers would equal to three bombers’ worth of weapons. Following the captive carry mission, engineers will then review the data gathered from the flight before moving on to the next of phase of the demonstration; an external weapons release. Engineers within the Air Force Test Center enterprise, B-1 system program office and Boeing will verify both the weapon’s and pylon’s integration with the B-1B. They are also interested in the physical effects, software, and flying qualities of the new shape on the outer mold line of the aircraft. This demonstration does not affect the Air Force’s request to retire 17 B-1B bombers in 2021.

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