Naval crews of the Black Sea Fleet’s Samum (616) Bora-class hoverborne guided missile corvette carried out artillery fire at one of the combat training grounds in the Black Sea. The Samumwas designed in 1995 mainly for coastal defense and patrol duties against surface vessels, large and small. A ship target shield was used as a surface target, imitating a conventional enemy ship. The air targets were luminous air bombs (SAB) dropped from the aircraft of the Naval Aviation and the Air Defense of the Black Sea Fleet. Artillery crews of the Samum RKVP of the Black Sea Fleet fired at mock-ups of floating mines.nAt the final stage of the firing, the sailors worked out the algorithm of actions for organizing the air defense of the ship during the passage by sea with the setting of electronic jamming.
The Bora-class hoverborne guided missile corvette of the Russian Navy, also bears the NATO class name Dergach, is one of the few types of military surface effect ship built solely for marine combat purposes, rather than troop landing or transport. Two were built and are currently in service, both assigned to the Russian Black Sea Fleet. A future series of hovercraft have been planned based on this model for future production.Its designation in the Soviet and Russian navies is Project 1239; the first vessel produced under this designation was Sivuch, which was later renamed Bora. It is one of the largest combat sea vehicles with catamaran design.