The RG-31 Nyala is a 4×4 multi-purpose mine-resistant ambush protected infantry mobility vehicle manufactured in South Africa by Land Systems OMC (the division of Denel SOC LTD, located in Benoni, South Africa) and in Turkey by FNSS Defence Systems. It is based on the Mamba APC of TFM Industries. The RG31 is successfully deployed with peacekeeping and military forces in numerous theatres. The vehicle boasts excellent levels of protection against landmines and IEDs, making this a highly effective multi-role armoured vehicle. The RG-31 has become the multi-purpose vehicle of choice of the UN and other peacekeeping and security forces. It is finding favour with non-governmental organisations requiring a vehicle with a non-aggressive appearance to protect their personnel against land mines.
The RG-31 is built from a V-shaped all-steel welded armor monocoque hull and high suspension, typical of South African mine protected vehicles, providing excellent small-arms and mine blast protection. The vehicle is designed to resist a blast equivalent to two TM-57 anti-tank mines detonating simultaneously. The RG-31 is classified by the United States Department of Defense as a category 1 Mine Resistant Ambush Protected (MRAP) vehicle. Access is through a wide rear door, as well as side doors, while roof hatches ensure emergency access and egress.
The vehicle accommodates a crew of 8 or 10, including the driver, depending on model. Dismounting is provided via a large rear door and two front doors. The latest variant of the RG31, with improvements including an engine upgrade from 275 to 300 hp, a transmission upgrade from 2,500 to a 3,000 series, independent suspension, 360-degree spotlights for night visibility, and an armored gunner’s hatch. The depot is scheduled to produce 929 these RG31s through 2020.
Variants come in either an Armoured Personnel Carrier (APC) or utility vehicle (Cargo) configurations.
RG-31 Mk3A – based on Mamba APC
RG-31 Mk5E – A extended Mk5 with larger passenger/cargo capacity and superior blast and ballistic protection.
RG-31 Mk6E – Enhanced crew protection
RG-31 Charger – US Army version of the Mk3 with a Detroit Diesel engine and Mk5 with a Cummins engine
RG-31 Sabre – cargo version
RG-31M – features a military wiring harness, central tire inflation and several other new characteristics. This vehicle has a crew of 5.
RG-31 Agrab; Mortar carrier version with SRAMS (Super Rapid Advanced Mortar System).