Category Archives: Military Videos

Rafael adds synthetic aperture radar capability for its Litening and Reccelite EO Pods

Rafael adds synthetic aperture radar capability for its Litening and Reccelite EO Pods

Rafael Advanced Defence Systems teamed with Israel Aerospace Industries’ (IAI’s) Elta Systems to equip the Litening 5 and Reccelite XR all-weather stand-off airborne electro-optic (EO) targeting pods with a powerful SAR (Synthetic Aperture Radar), adding significant capabilities to the Litenings’s EO, multi-spectral, stand-off pod, significantly expanded wide area coverage and true day/night, all-weather operation. Rafael Advanced Defense Systems Ltd. is unveiling it has upgraded its fifth generation Litening and Reccelite systems, effectively transforming them from traditional EO pods into EO+, with the addition of a unique SAR feature and the optional application of additional EO+ features, such as (EW, Comm, IRST). This constitutes a revolutionary quantum leap in all-weather, stand-off targeting and reconnaissance pods.

Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) for Rafael Litening and Reccelite EO Pods

Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) for Rafael Litening and Reccelite EO Pods


Litening 5 is Rafael Advanced Defence Systems latest-generation high-resolution multi-sensor targeting pod, incorporating an upgraded 1.2K × 1.2K large aperture forward-looking mid-wave infrared (MWIR) and a short-wave infrared (SWIR). The MWIR/SWIR sensor package is complemented by a large aperture colour charge-coupled device (CCD) containing a 1.2K × 1.6K visible radiation sensor, a laser designator, ground moving target indicator, and advanced image processing and digital video output. Litening is the most popular pod in the world, with over 1,900 units already in service. They are deployed by 27 Air Forces around the world. Litening is integrated and operational on over 25 types of aircraft ‒ including the F-16, F-15, AV8B, F-18, F-4, F-5, A-10, B-2, Jaguar, LCA, AMX, Mirage 2000, Tornado, Typhoon, MiG-21, MiG-27, M346, KC390, Gripen, and Sukhoi 27 & 30.
Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) for Rafael Litening and Reccelite EO Pods

Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) for Rafael Litening and Reccelite EO Pods


Weighing 250 kg, the Reccelite XR turret incorporates a multispectral sensor package, using red, green, blue, NIR, and MWIR sensors for vertical scanning, and MWIR and SWIR sensors with a large common aperture for stand-off persistent wide-area scanning. The turret features separate wide-band (Ku band) and close air support (C band) digital communications channels, full motion video, and a ground exploitation system with automatic real time processing. The Reccelite XR’s mission plan can be uploaded prior to take off or uplinked during flight, and either performed automatically or manually for targets of opportunity. Reccelite is deployed by more than 10 Air Forces around the world. The system is integrated and operational on multiple aircraft types, including the AMX, F-16, F-18, Gripen, Heron 1, Jaguar, Reaper, Tornado, and Typhoon.
Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) for Rafael Litening and Reccelite EO Pods

Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) for Rafael Litening and Reccelite EO Pods


Reccelite + SAR is one of Rafael’s latest game-changers, with the addition of ELTA’s powerful SAR (Synthetic Aperture Radar) to the, stand-off Reccelite ISR pod. A SAR is a coherent, mostly airborne, sidelooking radar system that utilises the flight path of the platform to electronically simulate an extremely large antenna or aperture and generate high-resolution remote sensing imagery. Over time, individual transmit/receive cycles (PRT’s) are completed with the data from each cycle being stored electronically. The GMTI capability enables the radar to discriminate a specific target against clutter. The addition of the SAR payload – where the EO and radar sensors in the SAR upgraded Litening 5 and RecceLite XR pods are operated autonomously – is a quantum leap both in terms of capability and flexibility, according to Rafael Advanced Defence Systems.

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Swiss Air Force Meiringen Air Base

Swiss Air Force Meiringen Air Base

Meiringen air base, also known as the Unterbach military airfield, is a Swiss military airbase located near the hamlet of Unterbach and the town of Meiringen, in the canton of Bern. It is one of the Swiss Air Force’s three fighter aircraft bases, and home to Fighter Squadron 11. The airfield is situated in the steep-sided alpine valley of the Aar river, with its single runway parallel to the river. It is flanked to the north by the main road to Meiringen, the river, and the Brünig railway line. To the south, taxiways connect the airfield to aircraft caverns built within the valley side. In 2004, militia Squadron 8 “Destructors”, equipped with the F-5E Tiger, moved to Meiringen from Buochs Airport. In 2007, professional Squadron 11 “Tiger”, equipped with the F/A-18, moved from Dübendorf Air Base.

Swiss Air Force Meiringen Air Base

Swiss Air Force Meiringen Air Base


Shortly after World War II and the beginning of the Cold War with the possible escalation between the nuclear superpowers of the Eastern and Western blocks, the Swiss Air Force began to develop concepts for defending their neutrality in the case of a conflict. In the 1940s, the Swiss army had already built so-called retablierstollen (re-equipping caves) at some airfields. These retablierstollen consisted of 100m long straight tunnels excavated in the rock, making it possible to store and eventually re-arm small Swiss fighter aircraft such as the then used Messerschmitt Bf 109 and the Morane-Saulnier M.S.406. The dimensions of these tunnels are comparable to an autobahn tunnel. The airfields chosen were Alpnach, Buochs, Meiringen, St.Stephan and Saanen, all located in the Alps with a lot of cover in the vicinity of the runway so that the aircraft could be out of sight within minutes after touchdown.
Swiss Air Force Meiringen Air Base

Swiss Air Force Meiringen Air Base


The Meiringen Air Base started operations on 1 December 1941. The base played an important role in the 1946 C-53 Skytrooper crash on the Gauli Glacier: the rescue operation was launched and coordinated by the Meiringen air base. After World War 2, an aircraft cavern was built in Meiringen. Aircraft cavern, a calque of the German word Flugzeugkaverne, is an underground hangar amongst others used by the Swiss Air Force. In the 1970 years the construction of another cavern tunnel was started for the A-7G Corsair II, but because the A-7G was not bought, this construction was completed as an ammunition storage cavern. With the introduction of the F/A-18 the aircraft cavern was rebuilt again and received another tunnel so the aircraft can go straight in and out at the same time. In the inside maneuvering without crane is now possible.
Swiss Air Force Meiringen Air Base

Swiss Air Force Meiringen Air Base


The airfield of Meiringen is still important for the Air Force. With the closure of Sion Air Base in 2016, it will be one of only three fighter bases, along with Payerne Air Base and Emmen Air Base. It is the home base to two fighter squadrons, militia Squadron 8 “Destructors”, equipped with the Northrop F-5E Tiger, and professional Squadron 11 “Tiger”, equipped with the McDonnell Douglas F/A-18 Hornet. Meiringen is the only Swiss airbase that uses an aircraft cavern in daily operations. The runway is equipped with retractable arresting gear devices at both ends. The operation of the aerodrome has for the region and the town of Meiringen, both positive and negative effects: noise emissions by the military jets is for the affected population as well as for tourism businesses. The airfield is, however, with some 190 labor and 25 training places an important economic factor for the region. The airfield has a small museum that is open on Wednesday afternoons from May to October; different pieces of equipment are exhibited as well as an Aérospatiale Alouette III and an F-5 Tiger.

Zastava NTV 40.13 Infantry Mobility Vehicle

Zastava NTV 40.13 Infantry Mobility Vehicle

The Zastava NTV (Novo Terensko Vozilo, New Terrain Vehicle) is a Serbian 4×4, multipurpose, all-terrain infantry mobility vehicle designed by Military Technical Institute Belgrade (MTI) ) and Zastava Kamioni (Zastava Trucs) and manufactured by Zastava TERVO Kragujevac plant. It is designed with modular chassis to transport troops and various equipment quickly on road and off-road. It is designed for performance in mountain, valley, forest, snow, moisture, cold and heat environments, the Zastava NTV is capable of operating at different ambient temperatures ranging from −25–40 °C (−13–104 °F). The Zastava NTV was unveiled in 2011 and the extended cab variant was exhibited during the Partner 2015 International Fair of Armaments and Defence Equipment held in Belgrade, Serbia, in June 2015. Primarily users are Serbian Army and Gendarmery (Serbia) with many potential for export.

Zastava NTV 40.13 Infantry Mobility Vehicle

Zastava NTV 40.13 Infantry Mobility Vehicle


The all-terrain infantry mobility vehicle is based on 4×4 chassis of IVECO Daily commercial van. It was unveiled in 2011 and is available in three configurations, namely 40.13H SUV, 40.13H Extended Cab, and 40.13H Van. Thanks to its modular design it could be equipped as ambulance, workshop, command and control, military communications, military police, transport, reconnaissance, ground and air radar, sound surveillance and armed version. It can tow trailers or light artillery pieces. Front suspension is provided by semi-elliptical leaf springs, while rear suspension is provided by additional rubber springs. The front and rear hydraulic telescopic double-action shock absorbers enhance the ride comfort. The Michelin XZL 255/100 R16 radial tubeless tires provide improved traction on all terrain conditions. The vehicle can be optionally fitted with run-flat tires.
Zastava NTV 40.13 Infantry Mobility Vehicle

Zastava NTV 40.13 Infantry Mobility Vehicle


The Zatava NTV is powered by a four-stroke, four-cylinder, water-cooled, 214kg Cummins ISF 2.8-liter turbocharged diesel engine equipped with an intake air cooler developing 130 hp. The propulsion system is longitudinally mounted in the front of the cabin. It develops an output power between 80kW and 120kW and a torque between 280nm and 360nm. This military vehicle can be also equipped with other types of engines depending on customer requirements. Engine is couples with ZF 5S400 mechanical gearbox with 5 forward and 1 reverse gears. The engine is compliant with Euro 3 / Euro 4 emission standard and is coupled with manual transmission system, consisting of a single-plate friction clutch and a ZF 5S 400 synchronous mechanical gearbox with five forward gears and one reverse gear.

Royal Danish Army Piranha 5 Advanced Automated Autonomous Mortar System

Royal Danish Army Piranha 5 Advanced Automated Autonomous Mortar System

The Royal Danish Army selected the ESLAIT A3MS (Advanced Automated Autonomous Mortar System) for installation on its Piranha 5 8×8 armour personal carriers manufactured by General Dynamics European Land Systems – Mowag (GDELS-Mowag). Denmark’s Defence Acquisition and Logistics Organization (DALO) signed a USD15.3 million contract with Austrian company ESL Advanced Information Technology (ESLAIT) on 2017 for the delivery of 15 automatic floormounted 120 mm heavy mortar systems (with an option for an additional six systems at the contract price). The contract, which was announced on 22 May, includes a 30-year sustainment agreement. New 120 mm ammunition is expected to be procured, with Phase 1 including a new HE, HE fragmentation, smoke, and illuminating (white and infra-red) rounds. In the longer-term, three new precision, near-precision, and anti-armour rounds are also expected to be procured. The Royal Danish Army plans to deploy three platoons each of four 120 mm SP mortar systems, and one per bataillon will also have a Piranha 5 8×8 command post and two 8×8 ammunition supply vehicles.

Royal Danish Army Piranha 5 Advanced Automated Autonomous Mortar System

Royal Danish Army Piranha 5 Advanced Automated Autonomous Mortar System


The A3MS system comprises a 120 mm CARDOM 10 smoothbore mortar from Israel’s Elbit Systems fitted with recoil absorbers. The contract also includes the delivery of fire control and battle management systems, fire coordination modules, ammunition racks, initial stocks of spare parts, and the necessary technical support to integrate the weapon system onto the Piranha 5 mortar carrier variant. The A3MS system can traverse a full 360 degrees, while elevation can be adjusted from 45-84 degrees. Like the Danish Army CAESAR, the Cardom 10 will be linked to the Danish Army’s Thor FCS, with information coming from the forward observer to the battailon joint fire cell (JFC) module and then onto the actual weapon. In the case of CAESAR, it will also link with the brigade JFC. The Cardom 10 has an Interface between the Thor gun module and the Cardom FCS mounted on the left side of the weapon, and target Information can also flow from the forward observer direct to the firing platform. The digitised FCS of both platforms is compatible with NATO Artillery Systems Cooperation Activities (ASCA), which includes artillery and multiple rocket launchers.
Royal Danish Army Piranha 5 Advanced Automated Autonomous Mortar System

Royal Danish Army Piranha 5 Advanced Automated Autonomous Mortar System


The Piranha 5 8×8 8×8 armour personal carriers has a raised roof line to the rear of the driver’s and commander’s position on the left side, with the 120 mm mortar firing through two roof hatches that are opened left and right prior to engaging a target. The Cardom 10 120 mm smoothbore mortar is installed on a turntable mount to allow for rapid traverse through a full 6,400 mils onto the target. When travelling, the barrel is lowered to make the platform more difficult to detect. Mounted under the 120 mm smooth bore mortar is a Danish Weibul muzzle velocity radar that feeds Information to the FCS. The latest Cardom 10 is fitted with a load-assist device to reduce crew fatigue and increase rate of fire. The 120 mm mortar bomb is placed on the loading tray that then moves upwards and aligns itself with the barrel, which is 2 m Long , and releases the mortar bomb. The system has a range of 7,000 m and a rate of fire of 16 rounds per minute. Maximum rate of fire is 10 rds/min and multiple round simulaneous impact (MRSI) fire missions can be carried out with a total of 38 120 mm mortar bombs carried.
Royal Danish Army Piranha 5 Advanced Automated Autonomous Mortar System

Royal Danish Army Piranha 5 Advanced Automated Autonomous Mortar System


General Dynamics European Land Systems (GDELS) has signed on 15 December 2015 a contract with the Danish Ministry of Defence armament procurement arm Forsvarsministeriets Materiel- og Indkøbsstyrelse (FMI) for the delivery of 309 GDELS-Mowag Piranha 5 8×8 wheeled armoured vehicles in six variants (infantry fighting, command post, ambulance, engineer, mortar carrier and repair unit) aimed for the Royal Danish Army. However the contract was announced by GDELS on January 26. The contract worth USD600 million also include a multi-year sustainment con¬tract for the through life support of the vehicles. Deliveries will commence in 2018 and continue through 2023. The new fleet is intended to progressively replace existing tracked armoured vehicles of M113 family. The Piranha 5 combat vehicle was selected over VBCI of Nexter System, PMMC G5 of Flensburger Fahrzeugbau GmbH (FFG) and CV 90 Armadillo of BAE Systems Hägglunds.

Ocelot Light Protected Patrol Vehicle

Ocelot Light Protected Patrol Vehicle

The Ocelot is a British armoured vehicle that is scheduled to replace the United Kingdom’s Snatch Land Rover with British forces. It received the service name Foxhound, in line with the names given to other wheeled armored vehicles in current British use, such as Mastiff and Ridgeback, which are based on the Cougar. Unlike mine-protected vehicles based on existing commercial chassis, Ocelot is based on modular flexibility. This imaginative, new-from-the-ground-up design integrates V-hull, blast-protection technology with a demountable protected crew pod that allows multiple configurations for different roles. In essence, the Mastiff and the Land Rover fire-support kit have sired an agile prodigy: the Ocelot. The goal in replacing the Snatch Land Rover was to improve protection of personnel against improvised explosive devices (IEDs).

Ocelot Light Protected Patrol Vehicle

Ocelot Light Protected Patrol Vehicle


The Ocelot light protected patrol vehicle (LPPV) is designed by Force Protection Europe and the automotive engineering company Ricardo. Following the acquisition by General Dynamics in December 2011, the Ocelot is marketed as part of General Dynamics Land Systems vehicle portfolio. This is smaller than most Mine-Resistant Ambush-Protected (MRAP) vehicles, but larger than the Humvee replacement vehicles being developed through the Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV) program. It can weigh up to 7,500 kilograms (16,500 lb), powered by a Steyr M16-Monoblock diesel engine (6-cylinder, 160 kW[7]), connected to a ZF 6HP28X 6-speed automatic transmission, it reaches a speed of 50 mph (80 km/h) in 19.75 seconds, and has a maximum speed of 82 mph (132 km/h). Its wheels function independently, so the vehicle’s other wheels should continue to work if one is blown off. It is claimed that the engine can be removed and replaced in 30 minutes.

Japan Ground Self Defense Force Howitzer first on Australian soil

Japan Ground Self Defense Force Howitzer first on Australian soil

The Japan Ground Self Defense Force (JGSDF) fired its FH-70 Howitzers out to 25 kilometres for the very first time while on Exercise Southern Jackaroo with the Australian Army at Shoalwater Bay Training Area in May 2019. The JGSDF conducted the long range shoot in Australia as there isn’t a military range large enough to shoot to that distance in Japan. Australian Army soldiers from 7th Brigade helped facilitate the live fire activity and were honoured to be part of this historic moment for the JGSDF.

Japan Ground Self Defense Force (JGSDF) fired its FH-70 Howitzers out to 25 kilometres

Japan Ground Self Defense Force (JGSDF) fired its FH-70 Howitzers out to 25 kilometres


The exercise also saw integration opportunities between Japanese artillery soldiers and 1st Regiment, Royal Australian Artillery during live fire practices. Exercise Southern Jackaroo is a trilateral field training activity between the Australian Army’s 7th Brigade, Japan Ground Self Defense Force and the United States Marine Rotation Force – Darwin, which aims to enhance interoperability, increase rapport and improve joint tactical, administrative and logistical operations.
Japan Ground Self Defense Force (JGSDF) fired its FH-70 Howitzers out to 25 kilometres

Japan Ground Self Defense Force (JGSDF) fired its FH-70 Howitzers out to 25 kilometres


The FH70 (field howitzer for the 1970s) is a towed howitzer in use with several nations. The barrel was 39 calibres long, giving 827 m/s standard maximum muzzle velocity. It had a muzzle brake giving 32% efficiency. The shell with the same shape and dimensions as the US M549 rocket-assisted projectile. The standard HE shell is a thin wall design weighing 43.5 kg and containing 11.3 kg of HE. The propellant system comprises three different bagged cartridges with triple-base propellant. The Japan Ground Self Defense Force (JGSDF) FH-70 Howitzers Built under license with the ordnance by Japan Steel Works, also used in a Japanese SPG design.

USAF B-52 Stratofortress tests Quickstrike-ER naval mine

USAF B-52 Stratofortress tests Quickstrike-ER naval mine

A B-52 Stratofortress, assigned to the USAF’s 49th Test and Evaluation Squadron from Barksdale Air Force Base, La., conducts an operational demonstration of the Quickstrike-ER (QS-ER) Naval mine project at the Pacific Missile Range Facility (PMRF), May 30, 2019. PMRF is the world’s largest instrumented, multi-dimensional testing and training missile range. A B-52 bomber from the 49th Test Squadron carried out the exercise and released four inert QS64-ER 2000lb mine shapes on a remote shallow water location of the PMRF. This is the final and largest demonstration of the project and is part of a two-year joint effort to develop, test, and operationally demonstrate QS-ER. USINDOPACOM initiated the project as part of ongoing efforts to modernize and enhance military readiness throughout the joint forces in the Indo-Pacific region.

USAF B-52 Stratofortress tests Quickstrike-ER naval mine

USAF B-52 Stratofortress tests Quickstrike-ER naval mine


Quickstrike 64-ER (QS-ER) is an air-laid mine equipped with a 2000 lb MK64 Quickstrike naval mine. The Quickstrike is a Mark 80-series general purpose bomb with the fuze replaced with a target detection device (TDD) to detonate it when a ship passes within lethal range, a safe/arm device in the nose, and a parachute-retarder tailkit in the back. The Naval mine project is part of a two-year joint effort to develop, test and operationally demonstrate the capabilities of the QS64-ER that combines Joint Direct Attack Munitions (JDAM) technology and an additional wing kit and battery section with existing mine components. This allows it to be delivered long range and high altitude, which significantly reduces risk to the aircraft.
The Quickstrike-ER (QS-ER) Naval mine project drops towards the Pacific Ocean from a B-52 Stratofortress, assigned to the 49th Test and Evaluation Squadron from Barksdale Air Force Base, La., during an operational demonstration May 30. (U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communications Specialist 1st Class Holly L. Herline)

The Quickstrike-ER (QS-ER) Naval mine project drops towards the Pacific Ocean from a B-52 Stratofortress, assigned to the 49th Test and Evaluation Squadron from Barksdale Air Force Base, La., during an operational demonstration May 30. (U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communications Specialist 1st Class Holly L. Herline)


The U.S. Air Force performed the first-ever drop of a precision guided aerial mine, consisting of a Quickstrike mine equipped with a JDAM kit on 23 September 2014. The Quickstrike-J precision maritime mine is a JDAM-equipped 1,000 lb or 2,000 lb version, while the GBU-62B(V-1)/B Quickstrike-ER standoff, precision maritime mine is a 500 lb or 2,000 lb gliding version based on the JDAM-ER, which has a range of 40 nmi (46 mi; 74 km) when launched from 35,000 ft (11,000 m). This aerial maritime mine is compatible, interoperable, and can be employed by virtually any JDAM enabled aircraft, including foreign partners. Current mine technology, while effective, has been largely unchanged since World War II. These innovations and capabilities in the QS-ER project will allow our forces to generate more effective minefields from longer ranges and more rapidly than ever before.