Naval Warfare

Romania Ordered NSM Coastal Defense Systems from Kongsberg and Raytheon

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Romania Ordered NSM Coastal Defense Systems from Kongsberg and Raytheon

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Naval Strike Missile Missile Launch Vehicle (NSM MLV)
Naval Strike Missile Coastal Defence System (NSM CDS) Missile Launch Vehicle

Kongsberg Defence & Aerospace AS, a business area in the Kongsberg Gruppen ASA, has been awarded a 1 350 million NOK contract by Raytheon Missiles & Defense for delivery of the Naval Strike Missile Coastal Defence System (NSM CDS) to Romania. The Naval Strike Missile (NSM) is an anti-ship and land-attack missile developed by the Norwegian company Kongsberg Defence & Aerospace (KDA).The NSM can be launched from both land- and sea-based platforms and is already in use by, or chosen by, 11 countries. According to Kongsberg the NSM is selected by Norway, Poland, Malaysia, Germany, the United States, Japan, Romania, Canada, Australia and Spain as of 2022. The NSM will be designated as the RGM-184A in US service.

Romania’s selection of our NSM Coastal Defence System is an important milestone. Their selection confirms that our world leading solutions are contributing to a nation’s security. The NSM-based system will provide Romania
with the most modern and effective coastal defence available today. The contract also continues the successful cooperation we have with Raytheon Missiles & Defense,” says Eirik Lie, President of Kongsberg Defence & Aerospace AS.

Naval Strike Missile Coastal Defence System (NSM CDS)
Naval Strike Missile Coastal Defence System (NSM CDS)

The NSM CDS is a high performance ground based Coastal Defence system. The Polish Navy is the first export customer for the Coastal Defence System version. It has unique features with a net centric architecture which enables multiple simultaneous engagements and over the horizon (OTH) targeting. These capabilities, combined with the unique NSM target recognition, shapes a highly potent and vast SSM system for the future. The system can be closely integrated and adapted to a country’s adjacent weapons and command and control systems. This expands the defended area and enhances the total fighting capability of the force. NSM is interchangeable
between ships and trucks.

The Naval Strike Missile has been designed to ensure a high probability of hit in the anticipated current and future challenging naval scenarios. The missile has been designed to ensure a high probability of hit in the anticipated current and future challenging naval scenarios. The Naval Strike Missile Coastal Defence System (NSM CDS) is composed of the following major items:
• The Fire Distribution Center (FDC) providing Battle Management Command Control Communication Computers and Information (BMC4I)
• The Naval Strike Missile Launcher Fire unit, a canister protected weapon platform with the NSM™ missile
• Sea surveillance and tracking radar – customer selectable (optional)

Fire Distribution Center (FDC)
Fire Distribution Center (FDC)

The primary missions for NSM CDS are maritime interdictions against sea targets from small and light ships made of Glass Fiber Reinforced Plastics (GFRP) to large naval combatants like destroyers and frigates and ships with thick hull like icebreakers. Secondly, land targets are handled by the NSM CDS. The land attack capability is primarily based on use of the military GPS. Typical land targets are stationery, soft targets like harboring depot buildings, command and control facilities, sensor sites and air defence sites. Ships secured alongside jetty are categorized as a land target, enabling a high precision harbor attack capability. Including the possibility for simultaneous time on target, using salvo engagements or network enabled coordinated engagements for maximum attrition.

The user friendly system is designed to operate in an advanced, real time network with plug & fight capability. The main core nodes in the network are the FDCs, to which any sensor or launcher can be integrated. The network of up to 4 FDCs establishes a single integrated maritime picture enabling and enhancing situational awarenesses through data sharing. Network engagement capability Each of the FDCs can, when authorized, locally engage up to 12 different targets or use up to 12 missiles against the same target in a salvo. Through a defined FDC in the network it is possible to plan and control up to 48 NSM™ engagements simultaneously against 48 different targets. The network further utilizes the NSM embedded features for different salvo sizes per target.

Polish Navy's NSM Coastal Defense System launcher
Polish Navy’s NSM Coastal Defense System launcher

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