Russian forces have been observed using the ISDM Zemledeliye (which in Russian means “Agriculture”) mine-laying system in Ukraine, marking the system’s combat debut. Video circulating on social media since 27 March, shows two Zemledeliye mine-laying MLRS allegedly being deployed in Kharkiv Oblast. It can be used in defense and offense. In defense to block the enemy’s advance and in offense to block retreat and/or channel the enemy into the desired killing zone. The mines launched by this system are programmable, meaning they can be deactivated or self-destructed in the future with the cessation of hostilities.
ISDM Zemledeliye designed by the Ganichev NPO Splav Research and Manufacturing Association (under management of Technodinamika Holding). NPO Splav is one of the leading global companies developers and manufacturers of multiple launch rocket systems (MLRS), and one of the key companies providing Russian arms for the global market in the segment. Zemledeliye is basically similar to multiple rocket systems. It fires solid propellant projectiles carrying different types of landmines. Remote minelaying has a number of advantages. Minefields can be laid very fast, in particular, in hard-to-access areas.
The ISDM Zemledeliye comprises a KamAZ 6560 8×8 heavy duty wheeled chassis vehicle, a transporter-loader, and launch pod containers loaded with various types of mines. The remotely controlled minelayer system automatically programs launch missions and self-destruct parameters for the mines, and creates a map of the mined zone after planting the mines. All data is transmitted to the higher command tiers. The vehicle that is also at the final stage of its trials has reduced an operator’s role to the minimum. The vehicle prepares flight mission assignments and pre-sets munitions, including their self-destruction time, in the automated mode.
The Russian POM-3 Medallion is a high-explosive (HE), scatterable, anti-personnel (AP), bounding fragmentation, self-destruct landmine designed to be dispersed/ejected from a variety of airborne and ground delivery systems. On dispersal from its container, the landmine is orientated by the use of a parachute. The POM-3 uses a proximity seismic fuze with a self-destruct time of either 8 or 24hrs. Once in a suitable position, a seismic rod sensor is forced into the ground. It is intended to bury itself into the ground to a depth of its body height. If it lands on hard ground, six spring-loaded feet deploy and position the landmine in an upright position.
The latest Russian anti-personnel mines POM-3 "Medallion" in the Kharkov region.Earlier,in the Kharkiv region, ISDM Zemledeliye "Agriculture" was noticed,which are just designed for the rapid creation of minefields.#Ukraine #UkraineRussiaWar #UkraineUnderAtta?k #Ukraina #Russia pic.twitter.com/kR7RtN5R2G
— ??Ukraine_Weapons Tracker (@UWTracker) March 30, 2022