The Indonesian defense company PT Pindad carried out a firing test for the First Article Medium Tank Harimau (Tiger) product on February 24-25, 2022 at the Indonesian Army Infantry Education Center (Pusdikif), West Bandung Regency. The MMWT is equipped with a Cockerill CT-CV 105HP (High Pressure) 105 mm rifled gun manufactured by Belgian-made company John Cockerill Defense, with the barrel mounting a bore evacuator and thermal jacket. The turret is equipped with an autoloader and can be rotated 360 degrees both electronically and mechanically, with a maximum elevation/depression of 42 up to -10 degrees, and it’s equipped with Gyro Stabilizer and Firing Control System. It’s also equipped with an IFF system, Hunter Killer System for target selection, and Auto Target Locking System to assist the Gunner.
The firing test was carried out with a static Tiger Medium Tank position and a static target of 1,250 meters measuring 4×4 meters, using HEP-T rounds, and TPCSDS-T rounds. The 105 mm rifled gun has been test fired with TPCSDS-T, HEP-T, HE4 TP2 shells, and can also fire NATO standard 105 mm shells such as:
M1060CV APFSDS (velocity 1620 m/s with RHA Penetration 560 mm from 2000 m at 60 degrees)
M1061 HEAT (velocity 1173 m/s RHA Penetration >400mm from 1500 m at 60 degrees)
M393 A3 HESH (velocity 732 m/s)
M416 Smoke (velocity 731 m/s)
M1204 Canister (Velocity 1173 m/s)
Kaplan MT / Harimau is a lightweight tank jointly developed by Turkish manufacturer FNSS and Indonesian manufacturer PT Pindad. The tank is officially classified as Modern Medium Weight Tank (MMWT). The tank is called Kaplan MT by Turkey and Harimau by Indonesia. Meaning of both Kaplan and Harimau is Tiger. The governments of Indonesia and Turkey first agreed in May 2015 to jointly develop the MMWT for the Indonesian Army at a reported cost of 30 million US dollars. The development phase of the program was expected to take up to 37 months, with the first prototype being built in Turkey, and the second in Indonesia. The intellectual property of the design was agreed upon to be shared between the two governments.
The hull armor of MMWT is using modular armor. It is categorized as STANAG 4569 level 4 protection, which means the tank can withstand 14.5×114mm AP rounds at 200 meters with 911 m/s velocity. The underbelly of the tank uses V-hull, able to withstand 10 kg AT mine under the tracks and under the center. Due to modularity, the armor can be augmented to level 5 protection (withstand 25 mm APDS-T at 500 m with 1258 m/s velocity) without increasing the volume of the tank, with the frontal arc able to withstand 30 mm rounds. Dynamic and mobility test taken in 7–16 August 2018 to prove the specification design. The tank uses a Caterpillar C13 diesel engine generating 711 hp, coupled with Allison/Caterpillar X300 transmission. During the test the tank is able to reach 78 km/h in road speed. The prototype is able to cross 2 m trench and 0.9 m vertical obstacle.