Russian Armed Forces


The Armed Forces of the Russian Federation (Vooruzhonnije Síly Rossíyskoj Federátsii) are the military service of the Russian Federation, established after the dissolution of the Soviet Union. On 7 May 1992, Boris Yeltsin signed a presidential decree establishing the Russian Ministry of Defence and placing all Soviet Armed Forces troops on the territory of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic under Russian control. The Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces is the President of Russia. The Russian Armed Forces were formed in 1992. Armed forces under the Ministry of Defence are divided into: the three “branches of Armed Forces” (вида вооружённых сил): the Ground Forces, Aerospace Forces, and the Navy; the two “separate troop branches” (Отдельные рода войск): the Strategic Missile Troops and the Airborne Troops and the Rear of the Armed Forces, which has a separate status of its own. According to SIPRI, between 2005-2009 and 2010-2014, Russian exports of major weapons increased by 37 percent; Russia spent $66.4 billion on arms in 2015, then $69.2 billion in 2016, having taken 3rd place (after the U.S. and China). According to the Russian Defence Ministry, share of modern weapons in the Armed Forces reached from 26 to 48 percent among different kinds of troops in December 2014. This was raised to 30.5–70.7% as of July 2015. The average was 58 per cent over the first half of 2017.
Russian Armed Forces


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